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The Pax-1 gene has been found to play an important role in the development of the vertebral column. The cervico-occipital transitional zone is a specialized region of the vertebral column, and malformations of this region have frequently been described in humans. The exact embryonic border between head and trunk is a matter of controversy. In order to(More)
Members of the Pax gene family have recently been shown to play important roles in mouse embryogenesis. Of eight so far characterized Pax genes, three have been associated with mouse developmental mutants. Here we report the cloning of a new Pax gene, Pax-9. Most of the DNA sequence encoding the highly conserved paired domain has been determined and(More)
Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is an effective tool in alleviating neuropathic pain. However, a number of well-selected patients fail to obtain satisfactory pain relief. Previous studies have demonstrated that i.t. baclofen and/or adenosine can enhance the SCS effect, but this combined therapy has been shown to be useful in less than half of the cases and(More)
Substantial evidence has established that activation of the NMDA receptor in the spinal dorsal horn is essential for central sensitization-a phenomenon which comprises various pathophysiological mechanisms underlying neuropathic pain-like signs in animal models. In the present study, a partial sciatic nerve ligation in the rat was used to produce a model of(More)
We have investigated theHLA-DRB and -DQB gene polymorphism in 131 myasthenia gravis (MG) patients. TheHLA genotypes in these patients were assigned by means of restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP)-definedDR-DQ haplotypes, correlating to serologic HLA class II typing. Using this technique we could, among randomly selected non-thymomatous (NT)-MG(More)
The isolation rates of group B streptococci for 457 men and 300 women attending a venereal disease clinic were 16-4 and 20-6% respectively. The frequencies were significantly increased by using a selective medium and by taking specimens from the female urethra as well as the cervix. In contrast to gonorrhoea the presence of group B streptococci could not be(More)
Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) may provide pain relief in approximately 60%-70% of well selected patients with pain caused by peripheral nerve injury. We have previously demonstrated that intrathecal (IT) administration of small doses of certain drugs, both in experimental animals and in patients, significantly enhances the pain-relieving effect of SCS. The(More)
Two methods of assessing adverse drug effects-an open-ended question versus a checklist-were compared in a clinical study involving 515 patients being treated with bacampicillin for gonorrhea. Results indicate that adverse reactions are reported more frequently if a checklist is used. However, it was also observed that more serious side effects are usually(More)