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CONTEXT Meningococcal disease occurs worldwide, and serogroup B disease accounts for a large proportion of cases. Although persons younger than 4 years are at greatest risk for serogroup B meningococcal disease, vaccine efficacy has not been demonstrated in this age group. OBJECTIVE To evaluate serum bactericidal activity (SBA) against homologous vaccine(More)
For evaluation of serum bactericidal activity (SBA) as surrogate for the efficacy of outer membrane vesicle (OMV) vaccines against Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B disease, we have reanalyzed data from a randomized double blind placebo-controlled efficacy trial involving 172000 secondary school students (aged 13-14 years) in Norway (1988-1991). A cohort(More)
Alternative strategies exist for prevention of group B Neisseria meningitidis (meningococcal) disease through vaccination (see Chapters 5 , 8 , 13 , 14 in this volume). However, the most promising approach to date has been the use of outer-membrane vesicle (OMV) vaccines for induction of bactericidal antibodies against cell-surface outer-membrane proteins(More)
A vaccine inducing protection against most of the circulating variants of serogroup B meningococcal strains is not yet available. A number of plausible options are currently under investigation. A conjugate vaccine based on a modified capsular polysaccharide might well work, but has safety concerns from molecular mimicry between group B sialic acid and(More)
Human opsonins directed against specific meningococcal outer membrane structures in sera obtained during meningococcal disease were quantified with a recently developed antigen-specific, opsonin-dependent phagocytosis and oxidative burst assay. Outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) and PorA (class 1) and PorB (class 3) proteins purified from mutants of the same(More)
Meningococcal outer membrane proteins have been used for over 20 years in more than 80 million doses; either as carrier protein in a Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) polysaccharide conjugate vaccine or as vesicle vaccine formulations against meningococcal disease. Conventional wild-type outer membrane vesicle (wtOMV) vaccines are the only formulations(More)
The utility of wild-type outer membrane vesicle (wtOMV) vaccines against serogroup B (MenB) meningococcal disease has been explored since the 1970s. Public health interventions in Cuba, Norway and New Zealand have demonstrated that these protein-based vaccines can prevent MenB disease. Data from large clinical studies and retrospective statistical analyses(More)
The Global Meningococcal Initiative (GMI) is composed of an international group of scientists, clinicians and public health officials with expertise in meningococcal immunology, epidemiology and prevention. The primary goal of the GMI is the promotion of the global prevention of invasive meningococcal disease through education and research. The GMI members(More)
Serum bactericidal activity (SBA) and ELISA antibody levels elicited by two efficacious serogroup B meningococcal vaccines were measured in a controlled trial involving 408 15- to 20-year-olds. Subjects were given two doses at a 6-week interval of a serogroup B or control vaccine. Response was defined as > or = 4-fold rise in antibody level. After two doses(More)
A nasal vaccine, consisting of outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) from group B Neisseria meningitidis, was given to 12 volunteers in the form of nose drops or nasal spray four times at weekly intervals, with a fifth dose 5 months later. Each nasal dose consisted of 250 microg of protein, equivalent to 10 times the intramuscular dose that was administered twice(More)