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BACKGROUND Ianthelline was isolated from the Arctic sponge Stryphnus fortis. The structure of the compound has been previously described. However, only limited bioactivity data are available and little has been reported about the cytotoxic potential of ianthelline since its discovery. In addition, no study has so far aimed at identifying which cellular(More)
Many biologically active compounds bind to plasma transport proteins, and this binding can be either advantageous or disadvantageous from a drug design perspective. Human serum albumin (HSA) is one of the most important transport proteins in the cardiovascular system due to its great binding capacity and high physiological concentration. HSA has a(More)
The marine opisthobranch Scaphander lignarius has been analyzed in the systematic search for novel bioactive compounds in Arctic marine organisms using bioassay guided fractionation. A number of highly cytotoxic fractions were shown to contain mainly polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). Selected PUFAs were isolated and identified using both liquid(More)
The inherent instability of peptides toward metabolic degradation is an obstacle on the way toward bringing potential peptide drugs onto the market. Truncation can be one way to increase the proteolytic stability of peptides, and in the present study the susceptibility against trypsin, which is one of the major proteolytic enzymes in the gastrointestinal(More)
Chiroptical techniques are increasingly employed for assigning the absolute configuration of chiral molecules through comparison of experimental spectra with theoretical predictions. For assignment of natural products, electronic chiroptical spectroscopies such as electronic circular dichroism (ECD) are routinely applied. However, the sensitivity of(More)
The interactions between a range of small cationic antibacterial tripeptides and bovine and human serum albumin in a buffered aqueous solution at 25 degrees C have been studied using isothermal titration calorimetry. Results from the binding study indicate a single binding site on albumin with a dissociation constant between 4.3 and 22.2 microM for the(More)
The incorporation of nongenetically encoded amino acids is a well established strategy to alter the behavior of several types of promising cationic antimicrobial peptides. Generally, these elements have been improved mimics of the hydrophobic amino acids yielding peptides with increased stability and potency. In this initial study, the effect of systematic(More)
Bioassay-guided fractionation of the sub-Arctic ascidian Synoicum pulmonaria collected off the Norwegian coast led to the isolation of a novel family of brominated guanidinium oxazolidinones named synoxazolidinones A and B (1 and 2). The backbone of the compounds contains a 4-oxazolidinone ring rarely seen in natural products. The structure of the compounds(More)
The inhibition of marine biofouling by the bromotyrosine derivative ianthelline, isolated from the Arctic marine sponge Stryphnus fortis, is described. All major stages of the fouling process are investigated. The effect of ianthelline on adhesion and growth of marine bacteria and microalgae is tested to investigate its influence on the initial microfouling(More)
The present study assesses the permeation of cationic antimicrobial di- and tripeptides derived from lactoferricin via interaction with the human intestinal peptide transporter hPEPT1 and via passive routes. While some tested peptides displayed moderate affinity (0.6 and 2.7 mM) for interaction with hPEPT1, none served as substrate for hPEPT1 expressed by(More)