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Sulindac, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, has been reported to lead to tumour regression in cases of human polyposis coli. We have investigated the effects of this drug on the growth of 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH)-induced mouse colonic tumours. In one experiment, DMH and oral sulindac were administered concurrently to a group of mice for a period of(More)
The successful development of a long-term organ culture system has made it possible to perform experiments on rat colonic mucosa in vitro. However, the effect of trauma or the withdrawal of trophic influences in culture may result in the disturbance of proliferation within the tissue. In this paper we describe an investigation designed to characterise the(More)
In this study using a panel of anticytokeratin antibodies and an indirect immunoperoxidase method, we examined cervical squamous epithelia including mature stratified epithelium, immature squamous metaplasia, CIN 1, 2 and 3, wart virus infection and squamous carcinoma. Changes from the normal patterns of staining were inconsistently seen in CIN 1 and 2, but(More)
Using a system designed to preserve, in vitro, both the epithelial and the connective tissue elements, we have maintained adult colonic mucosa in organ culture for up to 336 hours and have investigated the sequential morphological changes which occur. During the first 48 hours, normal micro-architecture is preserved, but there is progressive loss of(More)
The development of an organ-culture system for rat colonic mucosa has enabled a direct assessment of the effect of epidermal growth factor (EGF) on cell division. An augmented mitotic index (AIm) has been employed to identify changes in cell proliferation. Explants of colonic mucosa from four animals were maintained in a medium containing serum for five(More)
Dimethylhydrazine has been used to produce colonic tumours in mice. If sulindac, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, is administered simultaneously fewer microadenomata and fewer macroscopic tumours are produced. Those which do appear are comparable in size to the ones in the mice which do not receive sulindac. Sulindac therefore appears to exert an(More)
The parenteral administration of 1,2-dimethylhydrazine to rats caused the development of colonic neoplasms in about 90% of animals by 24--30 weeks of treatment. Usually there were multiple tumours with a mean of 2.7 per rat. The lesions have been classified histologically into adenomata (26% of all tumours) and carcinomata, the latter showing varying(More)
This paper describes the progressive effects of severe copper depletion on pancreatic weight, structure, amylase content and responses to secretin and caerulein, as well as a number of general body parameters (appearance, body weight and blood indices). Copper depletion was produced by feeding young rats a copper-deficient diet alone or together with either(More)
Verapamil increases the sensitivity of primary human colorectal carcinoma tissue to vincristine The inherent resistance of human solid tumours to cancer chemotherapy is a major problem in medical oncology. Experimentally, in cell lines, the resistance phenomena studied are often induced by a process analogous to the induction of antibiotic resistance in(More)