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The current work addresses the challenge of measuring urine volume in diapers primarily targeting geriatric care applications. There are number of incontinence alarm innovations suggested and described in patents and scientific reports. However, there are hardly any reports of such systems in permanent use in the hospital care market. One reason might be(More)
It becomes more and more common to print tag antennas using electrically conductive ink for mass-produced Radio Frequency IDentification (RFID) tags. Electrical properties of the ink are mostly determined by conductive (e.g. silver) particles mixed into the ink solution. Since silver is relatively expensive it is desirable to minimize the amount of ink used(More)
Printed electronics is a rapidly developing field where many components can already be manufactured on flexible substrates by printing or by other high speed manufacturing methods. However, the functionality of even the most inexpensive microcontroller or other integrated circuit is, at the present time and for the foreseeable future, out of reach by means(More)
—Fragment structure should find its application in acquiring high isolation between multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) antennas. By gridding a design space into fragment cells, a fragment-type isolation structure can be constructed by metalizing some of the fragment cells. For MIMO isolation design, cells to be metalized can be selected by optimization(More)
A novel design for a microstrip wideband directional coupler is proposed by using fragment-type structures. The use of a fragment-type structure may provide satisfactory flexibility and excellent performance. For a given design space, a fragment-type wideband coupler can be designed by first gridding the space into fragment cells and then metallizing the(More)
Placing fire detectors in a forest is usually associated with powering problems since the sensors do not have access to external power supply and a periodical change of internal batteries is an undesired option. This paper presents an approach where the fire sensor itself, when heated by nearby fire, generates electrical energy to power a radio transmitter.(More)
In this work we present a simple printed moisture sensor fabricated using electronic inks on a multilayer paper structure. The sensor is based on a Carbon-Zinc type energy cell and provides power to a readout electronic circuit when activated by moisture. The sensors are based on a number of our filed patents according to which the sensor is used for both(More)
— Present paper describes application of a computer intensive methodology to evaluate antenna susceptibility to random physical damage for a Dipole and a Bow-tie antenna. For each randomly generated damage pattern antenna parameters are simulated and statistical comparison is performed. Computer intensive statistical methods like the Bootstrap used for the(More)
In this article, a modified design of an RF Radio Frequency Electronic Article Surveillance (EAS) tag, used as a sensor platform, is manufactured and characterized. EAS tags are passive devices consisting of a capacitor and coil, tuned to a resonance frequency readable by the detector equipment, in this case 8.2 MHz. They were originally used to detect(More)
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