Johan Schoeman

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INTRODUCTION Cerebral infarction is an important cause of neurological sequelae in childhood tuberculous meningitis (TBM). AIM To investigate neurodevelopmental outcome and development of motor sequelae in TBM-related cerebral infarction. METHODS A group of 64 children with TBM and computerized tomographic (CT) evidence of infarction were compared with(More)
BACKGROUND Evidence suggests that amongst people with dementia there is a high prevalence of comorbid medical conditions and related complaints. The presence of dementia may complicate clinical care for other conditions and undermine a patient's ability to manage a chronic condition. The aim of this study was to scope the extent, range and nature of(More)
Tuberculous meningitis is especially common in young children and people with untreated HIV infection, and it kills or disables roughly half of everyone affected. Childhood disease can be prevented by vaccination and by giving prophylactic isoniazid to children exposed to infectious adults, although improvements in worldwide tuberculosis control would lead(More)
Canine rabies can be effectively controlled by vaccination with readily available, high-quality vaccines. These vaccines should provide protection from challenge in healthy dogs, for the claimed period, for duration of immunity, which is often two or three years. It has been suggested that, in free-roaming dog populations where rabies is endemic,(More)
In rabies endemic regions, a proportionally higher incidence of rabies is often reported in dogs younger than 12 months of age, which includes puppies less than 3 months of age; this presents a serious risk to public health. The higher incidence of rabies in young dogs may be the effect of low vaccination coverage in this age class, partly as a result of(More)
A 7-year-old child, on maintenance chemotherapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia, developed tuberculous meningitis complicated by progressive basal meningeal inflammation and abscess formation, in spite of adequate tuberculosis treatment and adjunctive corticosteriod therapy. The child became blind as a result of involvement of the optic chiasm. After 2(More)
Babesia rossi infection causes a severe inflammatory response in the dog, which is the result of the balance between pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokine secretion. The aim of this study was to determine whether changes in cytokine concentrations were present in dogs with babesiosis and whether it was associated with disease outcome. Ninety-seven dogs(More)
BREED specifications for pure-bred/pedigree dogs are laid down by the organisations that register and judge dogs, such as the Kennel Club of the UK (KCUK) and the Kennel Union of South Africa (KUSA), as well as the umbrella body the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI). Reproductive isolation between breeds results because animals can only be(More)