Johan René Keegstra

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Successful delivery of inhalation medication to the lungs can be affected by the inhalation manoeuvre used. Conventional in-vitro testing of the emitted dose from a dry powder inhaler (DPI) uses a vacuum pump to simulate an inhalation. We have adapted this method by replacing the pump with patient inhalation profiles and an anatomical throat. Three(More)
BACKGROUND Spiromax(®) is a novel dry powder inhaler for patients with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The studies presented here provide further data on attributes (in vitro dosing consistency with budesonide-formoterol (DuoResp) Spiromax; flow rates through empty versions of the Spiromax and Turbuhaler inhaler) of importance to(More)
A rapid clean-up procedure based on ion-pair solid-phase extraction (SPE) for the high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) determination of spectinomycin in swine, calf and chicken plasma at a limit of detection of 50 ng/ml is described. After dilution with water and adjustment of the pH to approximately 5.6, the plasma is applied to a(More)
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