Johan R. C. van der Maarel

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Increasing evidence supports the contribution of local inflammation to the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology, although the precise mechanisms are not clear. In this study, we demonstrate that the pro-inflammatory protein S100A9 interacts with the Aβ1-40 peptide and promotes the formation of fibrillar β-amyloid structures. This interaction(More)
Biofilms are densely populated communities of microbial cells protected and held together by a matrix of extracellular polymeric substances. The structure and rheological properties of the matrix at the microscale influence the retention and transport of molecules and cells in the biofilm, thereby dictating population and community behavior. Despite its(More)
Encapsulation of dsDNA fragments (contour length 54 nm) by the cationic diblock copolymer poly(butadiene-b-N-methyl-4-vinyl pyridinium) [PBd-b-P4VPQ] has been studied with phase contrast, polarized light, and fluorescence microscopies, as well as scanning electron microscopy. Encapsulation was achieved with a single emulsion technique. For this purpose, an(More)
The effect of dextran nanoparticles on the conformation and compaction of single DNA molecules confined in a nanochannel was investigated with fluorescence microscopy. It was observed that the DNA molecules elongate and eventually condense into a compact form with increasing volume fraction of the crowding agent. Under crowded conditions, the channel(More)
The critical volume fractions pertaining to the formation of DNA liquid crystals were obtained from polarization microscopy, 31P-nmr, and phase separation experiments. The DNA length (approximately one to two times the persistence length 50 nm), ionic strength, and counterion variety dependencies are reported. The cholesteric-isotropic transition is(More)
Blob theory has been widely applied to describe polymer conformations and dynamics in nanoconfinement. In slit confinement, blob theory predicts a scaling exponent of 2/3 for polymer diffusivity as a function of slit height, yet a large body of experimental studies using DNA produce a scaling exponent significantly less than 2/3. In this work, we develop a(More)
With a view to determining the distance between the two opposing duplexes in supercoiled DNA, we have measured small angle neutron scattering from pHSG298 plasmid (2675 base pairs) dispersed in saline solutions. Experiments were carried out under full and zero average DNA neutron scattering contrast using hydrogenated plasmid and a 1:1 mixture of(More)
All atom molecular dynamics simulations with explicit water were done to study the interaction between two parallel double-stranded DNA molecules in the presence of the multivalent counterions putrescine (2+), spermidine (3+), spermine (4+) and cobalt hexamine (3+). The inter-DNA interaction potential is obtained with the umbrella sampling technique. The(More)
The viscoelastic moduli of lambda-phage DNA through the entanglement transition were obtained with particle tracking microrheology. With increasing frequency, the viscous loss modulus first increases, then levels off, and eventually increases again. Concurrently, the elastic storage modulus monotonously increases and eventually levels off to a constant high(More)
We experimentally and numerically study the effects of macromolecular crowding agents on DNA structure when confined to a nanochannel. Curiously, DNA response to crowding is significantly different between bulk phase, nanoslit confinement, and nanotube confinement. Coarse grained Brownian dynamics simulations reproduce trends seen in the experiments and(More)