Johan Normark

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The extent to which duplications and deletions occur in the Plasmodium falciparum genome, outside of the subtelomeres, and their contribution to the virulence of the malaria parasite is not known. Here we show the presence of multiple genome wide copy number polymorphisms (CNPs) covering 82 genes, the most extensive spanning a cumulative size of(More)
The pathogenicity of Plasmodium falciparum is in part due to the ability of the parasitized red blood cell (pRBC) to adhere to intra-vascular host cell receptors and serum-proteins. Binding of the pRBC is mediated by Plasmodium falciparum erythrocyte membrane protein 1 (PfEMP1), a large multi-variant molecule encoded by a family of ≈60 var genes. The study(More)
Background.  Accuracy in malaria diagnosis and staging is vital to reduce mortality and post infectious sequelae. In this study, we present a metabolomics approach to diagnostic staging of malaria infection, specifically Plasmodium falciparum infection in children. Methods.  A group of 421 patients between 6 months and 6 years of age with mild and severe(More)
Salicylidene acylhydrazides (SAHs) inhibit the type III secretion system (T3S) of Yersinia and other Gram-negative bacteria. In addition, SAHs restrict the growth and development of Chlamydia species. However, since the inhibition of Chlamydia growth by SAH is suppressed by the addition of excess iron and since SAHs have an iron-chelating capacity, their(More)
Borrelia hispanica is the etiological pathogen of tick-borne relapsing fever, transmitted to humans by infected Ornithodoros erraticus ticks. Here we present the 1,783,846-bp draft genome sequence, with an average G+C content of 28%. It has 2,140 open reading frames, 3 ribosomal RNAs, and 32 transfer RNAs.
An infection with Plasmodium falciparum may lead to severe malaria as a result of excessive binding of infected erythrocytes in the microvasculature. Vascular adhesion is mediated by P. falciparum erythrocyte membrane protein-1 (PfEMP1), which is encoded for by highly polymorphic members of the var-gene family. Here, we profile var gene transcription in(More)
Severe human malaria is attributable to an excessive sequestration of Plasmodium falciparum-infected and uninfected erythrocytes in vital organs. Strains of P. falciparum that form rosettes and employ heparan sulfate as a host receptor are associated with development of severe forms of malaria. Heparin, which is similar to heparan sulfate in that it is(More)
A major feature of Plasmodium falciparum parasitized red blood cells (pRBC) is their capacity to sequester in the microcirculation. The binding is mediated by PfEMP1 (P. falciparum erythrocyte membrane protein 1), a variable protein encoded by the var gene family. P. falciparum avoids the host antibody response generated against previously used variants by(More)
Malaria can present itself as an uncomplicated or severe disease. We have here studied the quantity and quality of antibody responses against merozoite antigens, as well as multiplicity of infection (MOI), in children from Uganda. We found higher levels of IgG antibodies toward erythrocyte-binding antigen EBA181, MSP2 of Plasmodium falciparum 3D7 and FC27(More)