Johan N. Jansonius

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Porins form aqueous channels that aid the diffusion of small hydrophilic molecules across the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria. The crystal structures of matrix porin and phosphoporin both reveal trimers of identical subunits, each subunit consisting of a 16-stranded anti-parallel beta-barrel containing a pore. A long loop inside the barrel(More)
DOPA decarboxylase (DDC) is responsible for the synthesis of the key neurotransmitters dopamine and serotonin via decarboxylation of L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA) and L-5-hydroxytryptophan, respectively. DDC has been implicated in a number of clinic disorders, including Parkinson's disease and hypertension. Peripheral inhibitors of DDC are currently(More)
The 2.4 A crystal structure of the vitamin B6-dependent enzyme 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) synthase is described. This enzyme catalyses the committed step in the biosynthesis of ethylene, a plant hormone that is responsible for the initiation of fruit ripening and for regulating many other developmental processes. ACC synthase has 15 % sequence(More)
The three-dimensional structure of glutamate-1-semialdehyde aminomutase (EC 5.4.3.8), an alpha2-dimeric enzyme from Synechococcus, has been determined by x-ray crystallography using heavy atom derivative phasing. The structure, refined at 2.4-A resolution to an R-factor of 18.7% and good stereochemistry, explains many of the enzyme's unusual specificity and(More)
X-ray diffraction studies to 2.8-A resolution have yielded the three-dimensional structure of mitochondrial aspartate aminotransferase (L-aspartate:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase, EC 2.6.1.1), an isologous alpha 2 dimer (Mr = 2 x 45,000). The subunits are rich in secondary structure and contain two domains, one of which anchors the coenzyme, pyridoxal(More)
Ornithine aminotransferase (OAT), a pyridoxal-5'-phosphate dependent enzyme, catalyses the transfer of the delta-amino group of L-ornithine to 2-oxoglutarate, producing L-glutamate-gamma-semialdehyde, which spontaneously cyclizes to pyrroline-5-carboxylate, and L-glutamate. The crystal structure determination of human recombinant OAT is described in this(More)
Phosphoserine aminotransferase (PSAT; EC 2.6.1.52), a member of subgroup IV of the aminotransferases, catalyses the conversion of 3-phosphohydroxypyruvate to l-phosphoserine. The crystal structure of PSAT from Escherichia coli has been solved in space group P212121 using MIRAS phases in combination with density modification and was refined to an R-factor of(More)
Thioredoxins are small ubiquitous proteins which act as general protein disulfide reductases in living cells. Chloroplasts contain two distinct thioredoxins ( f and m) with different phylogenetic origin. Both act as enzyme regulatory proteins but have different specificities towards target enzymes. Thioredoxin f (Trx f), which shares only low sequence(More)
Three crystal structures of wild type E. coli aspartate aminotransferase (E.C.2.6.1.1) in space group P2(1) have been determined at resolution limits between 2.6 and 2.35 A. The unliganded enzyme and its complexes with the substrate analogues maleate and 2-methylaspartate resulted in different conformations. The unit cell parameters of the unliganded and(More)
Aspartate aminotransferase is a pyridoxal phosphate-dependent enzyme that catalyses the transamination reaction: L-aspartate + 2-oxoglutarate----oxaloacetate + L-glutamate. The enzyme shuttles between its pyridoxal and pyridoxamine forms in a double-displacement process. This paper proposes a mechanism of action that delineates the dynamic role of the(More)