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Current IASP diagnostic criteria for CRPS have low specificity, potentially leading to overdiagnosis. This validation study compared current IASP diagnostic criteria for CRPS to proposed new diagnostic criteria (the "Budapest Criteria") regarding diagnostic accuracy. Structured evaluations of CRPS-related signs and symptoms were conducted in 113 CRPS-I and(More)
We assessed the clinometric characteristics of rating scales used for the evaluation of motor impairment and disability of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), conducting a systematic review of PD rating scales published from 1960 to the present. Thirty studies describing clinometrics of 11 rating scales used for PD were identified. Outcome measures(More)
OBJECTIVE To establish the diagnostic accuracy of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) when screening externally validated cognition in Parkinson disease (PD), by comparison with a PD-focused test (Scales for Outcomes in Parkinson disease-Cognition [SCOPA-COG]) and the standardized Mini-Mental State Examination (S-MMSE) as benchmarks. METHODS A(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop a short, practical instrument that is sensitive to the specific cognitive deficits in Parkinson's disease (PD) for comparing groups in research situations and for assessing change in cognitive functioning over time. METHODS A literature search was conducted to identify the most frequently affected cognitive domains in PD and to select(More)
Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Type 1 (CRPS-1) responds poorly to standard pain treatment. We evaluated if the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist S(+)-ketamine improves pain in CRPS-1 patients. Sixty CRPS-1 patients (48 females) with severe pain participated in a double-blind randomized placebo-controlled parallel-group trial. Patients were given a(More)
We evaluated the validity, reliability, and potential responsiveness of the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). In part 1 of the study, 92 patients with PD underwent a structured clinical interview for DSM major depression and based on this patients were considered depressed (PD-D) or nondepressed (PD-ND).(More)
Fatigue has been shown to be a consistent and common problem in Parkinson's disease (PD) in multiple countries and cultures. It is one of the most disabling of all symptoms, including motor dysfunction, and appears early, often predating the onset of motor symptoms. Several studies of the epidemiology of fatigue have been published, often using different(More)
A complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS)--multiple system dysfunction, severe and often chronic pain, and disability--can be triggered by a minor injury, a fact that has fascinated scientists and perplexed clinicians for decades. However, substantial advances across several medical disciplines have recently improved our understanding of CRPS. Compelling(More)
Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) may lead to movement disorders (MDs) in some patients. Reliable information on the nature, chronology and clinical determinants of MDs in CRPS patients is lacking but could provide better insight in to the underlying pathophysiological mechanism. We retrospectively evaluated the clinical and temporal characteristics of(More)
OBJECTIVE Chronic painful disease is associated with pain on movement, which is presumed to be caused by noxious stimulation. We investigated whether motor imagery, in the absence of movement, increases symptoms in patients with chronic arm pain. METHODS Thirty-seven subjects performed a motor imagery task. Pain and swelling were measured before, after,(More)