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The lactose transport protein (LacS) of Streptococcus thermophilus was amplified to levels as high as 8 and 30% of total membrane protein in Escherichia coli and S. thermophilus, respectively. In both organisms the protein was functional and the expression levels were highest with the streptococcal lacS promoter. Also a LacS deletion mutant, lacking the(More)
The quaternary structure of LacS, the lactose transporter of Streptococcus thermophilus, has been determined for the detergent-solubilized and the membrane-reconstituted state of the protein. The quaternary structure of the n-dodecyl-beta-d-maltoside-solubilized state was studied using a combination of sedimentation velocity and equilibrium centrifugation(More)
The lactose-H+ symport protein (LacS) of Streptococcus thermophilus has a C-terminal hydrophilic domain that is homologous to IIA protein(s) domains of the phosphoenolpyruvate:sugar phosphotransferase system (PTS). C-terminal truncation mutants were constructed and expressed in Escherichia coli and their properties were analyzed. Remarkably, the entire IIA(More)
A new family of homologous membrane proteins that transport galactosides-pentoses-hexuronides (GPH) is described. By analysing the aligned amino acid sequences of the GPH family, and by exploiting their different specificities for cations and sugars, we have designed mutations that yield novel insights into the nature of ligand binding sites in membrane(More)
Transport of hydrophilic dipeptides and tripeptides into Lactococcus lactis is mediated by a proton-motive-force-driven peptide-transport protein (DtpT) that shares similarity to eukaryotic peptide transporters, e.g. from yeasts, plants, and the kidney and small intestine of rabbit, man and rat. The expression level of DtpT protein in L. lactis was(More)
The lactose transport protein (LacS) of Streptococcus thermophilus belongs to a family of transporters in which putative alpha-helices II and IV have been implicated in cation binding and the coupled transport of the substrate and the cation. Here, the analysis of site-directed mutants shows that a positive and negative charge at positions 64 and 71 in(More)
Several pGEM5- and pUC19-derived plasmids containing a selectable erythromycin resistance marker were integrated into the chromosome of Streptococcus thermophilus at the loci of the lactose-metabolizing genes. Integration occurred via homologous recombination and resulted in cointegrates between plasmid and genome, flanked by the homologous DNA used for(More)
The role of Glu379 in the lactose-H+ symport protein (LacS) of Streptococcus thermophilus was studied by analyzing the kinetic mechanism of transport of wild-type and Ala379, Asp379, and Gln379 mutant proteins. Glu379 forms part of the sequence motif Lys-X-X-His-X-X-Glu that is present in a number of sugar transport proteins, including LacY of Escherichia(More)
A single-cysteine mutant of the lactose transport protein LacS(C320A/W399C) from Streptococcus thermophilus was selectively labeled with a nitroxide spin label, and its mobility in lipid membranes was studied as a function of its concentration in the membrane by saturation-transfer electron spin resonance. Bovine rhodopsin was also selectively spin-labeled(More)