Johan J I van der Spoel

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OBJECTIVE Continuous venovenous hemofiltration (CVVH) is applied in critically ill patients with acute renal failure for renal replacement. Heparins used to prevent circuit clotting may cause bleeding. Regional anticoagulation with citrate reduces bleeding, but has metabolic risks. The aim was to compare the safety and efficacy of the two. DESIGN(More)
OBJECTIVE To study whether lactulose or polyethylene glycol is effective to promote defecation in critically ill patients, whether either of the two is superior, and whether the use of enteral laxatives is related to clinical outcome. DESIGN Double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized study. SETTING Two tertiary intensive care units. PATIENTS Three(More)
INTRODUCTION Caring for the critically ill is a 24-hour-a-day responsibility, but not all resources and staff are available during off hours. We evaluated whether intensive care unit (ICU) admission during off hours affects hospital mortality. METHODS This retrospective multicentre cohort study was carried out in three non-academic teaching hospitals in(More)
Previous studies have shown that patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) after “office hours” are more likely to die. However these results have been challenged by numerous other studies. We therefore analysed this possible relationship between ICU admission time and in-hospital mortality in The Netherlands. This article relates time of ICU(More)
Isolated sternal fractures are seen with an increasing frequency in traffic road accidents especially after the introduction of the seatbelt legislation. In most cases, the victims are young, otherwise healthy individuals. The medical records of all patients who were treated with a diagnosis of sternal fracture over the past 10 years were retrospectively(More)
BACKGROUND In critically ill patients, heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is estimated to account for approximately 1 to 10% of all causes of thrombocytopenia. HIT exerts a strong procoagulant state. In case of suspected HIT, it is an important clinical decision to stop heparin and start treatment with alternative nonheparin anticoagulation, awaiting(More)
Acute aortoiliac occlusion, or Leriche's syndrome, carries a risk of the development of severe ischemia-reperfusion injury, characterized by electrolyte and acid-base balance disturbances. These injuries are often fatal, because of the rapid deterioration of multiple organ systems. We present a case in which we intraoperatively and postoperatively treated(More)
The case history is described of a woman aged 57 years with renal, hepatic and muscular damage attributed to intake of germanium lactate-citrate (a cumulative dose of 32.1 g germanium) over at least one year, as alternative treatment of metastatic breast cancer. Histological examination of biopsies showed highly vacuolated cytoplasm of the epithelial cells(More)