Johan H M De Groen

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This study concerns the prevalence of current and lifetime Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in various groups of officially recognized Veterans of the Dutch civilian Resistance against the Nazi occupation during World War II. In total, 1046 Resistance veterans living in The Netherlands and 52 who immigrated to the United States after the war were(More)
In a group of elderly males who had been exposed to excessive stress during World War II, 56% of whom suffered from current post-traumatic stress disorder, a significant association was found between snoring and the occurrence of anxiety dreams, independent of the use of sedatives, antidepressants, smoking and alcohol and coffee consumption. Anxiety dream(More)
The present study reports on the development of a Dutch PTSD scale based on the DSM-III criteria for PTSD. Test-retest reliability was .91. The scale showed an internal consistency with a coefficient alpha of .88. Factor analysis on a large sample of Resistance veterans (N = 967) yielded six factors, which represent intrusive thoughts, physiological(More)
The extraordinary trauma experienced by Resistance veterans from World War II (WW II) and other veterans may be associated with an increased incidence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and somatic morbidity, including cardiovascular disease (CVD). This study explored some relationships between current PTSD and CVD risk factors in 147 male Dutch WW II(More)
OBJECTIVE Studying the rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in people who experienced World War II, but who have subsequently lived in different environments is a way of looking at the impact of recovery environment on PTSD. Immigrants had less support in terms of the social cohesion in their home country, but were not subjected to the same(More)
A group of 24 Dutch World War II Resistance veterans with a documented traumatic war history and a (partially) positive diagnosis of current posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was studied. This special group of war victims is characterised by chronicity, suffering from intractable posttraumatic complaints for decades. They were treated with fluvoxamine(More)
A 20 min period of diffuse brain stimulation (DBS), administered just before sleep onset in 16 human subjects, appeared to alter significantly the first sleep cycle of the succeeding sleep. The length of the first sleep cycle and the amount of REM sleep increased, whereas a shift from deep to more superficial NREM sleep occurred. This effect of DBS on sleep(More)
The influence of diffuse brain stimulation (DBS), administered just before sleep onset, on the number of apnoeas and of sleep stage changes during the first part of the succeeding night sleep to the end of the first sleep cycle has been studied in 7 patients with sleep-induced periodic breathing with apnorea. When compared with the corresponding period of(More)
BACKGROUND Nightmares and insomnia are experienced by 70% of patients suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). These sleep problems are often resistant to treatment and exert a strong negative influence on the quality of life. In the last few decades several studies have reported on the characteristics of sleep disturbances in PTSD. AIM To(More)