Johan Gotthardt Olsen

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Normative and ideational concerns have always informed the study of international politics and are a consistent thread running through the life of InternationalOrganization. When IO was founded, dominant realist views of politics, while rejecting idealism, were very much concerned with issues of legitimacy and ideology. The early Cold War, after all, was(More)
In chlorophyll biosynthesis, insertion of Mg(2+) into protoporphyrin IX is catalysed in an ATP-dependent reaction by a three-subunit (BchI, BchD and BchH) enzyme magnesium chelatase. In this work we present the three-dimensional structure of the ATP-binding subunit BchI. The structure has been solved by the multiple wavelength anomalous dispersion method(More)
Class 1 cytokine receptors regulate essential biological processes through complex intracellular signalling networks. However, the structural platform for understanding their functions is currently incomplete as structure-function studies of the intracellular domains (ICDs) are critically lacking. The present study provides the first comprehensive(More)
Proteins are dynamic entities, and they possess an inherent flexibility that allows them to function through molecular interactions within the cell, among cells and even between organisms. Appreciation of the non-static nature of proteins is emerging, but to describe and incorporate this into an intuitive perception of protein function is challenging.(More)
beta-Ketoacyl-[acyl carrier protein (ACP)] synthase forms new carbon-carbon bonds in three steps: transfer of an acyl primer from ACP to the enzyme, decarboxylation of the elongating substrate and its condensation with the acyl primer substrate. Six residues of Escherichia coli beta-ketoacyl-ACP synthase I (KAS I) implicated in these reactions were(More)
The prolactin receptor (PRLR) is activated by binding of prolactin in a 2:1 complex, but the activation mechanism is poorly understood. PRLR has a conserved WSXWS motif generic to cytokine class I receptors. We have determined the nuclear magnetic resonance solution structure of the membrane proximal domain of the human PRLR and find that the tryptophans of(More)
A small cysteine-rich protein, the function of which remains elusive, was discovered in the exudate of a Penicillium species. Crystal diffraction experiments conducted using in-house Cu Kalpha radiation and an R-AXIS IV++ imaging-plate detector yielded high-quality data to 1.4 A, with a distinguishable anomalous signal from sulfur (DeltaF/F = 0.031). This(More)
Beta-ketoacyl-acyl carrier protein (ACP) synthase enzymes join short carbon units to construct fatty acyl chains by a three-step Claisen condensation reaction. The reaction starts with a trans thioesterification of the acyl primer substrate from ACP to the enzyme. Subsequently, the donor substrate malonyl-ACP is decarboxylated to form a carbanion(More)
Proteins rely on flexibility to respond to environmental changes, ligand binding and chemical modifications. Potentially, a perturbation that changes the flexibility of a protein may interfere with its function. Millions of mutations have been performed on thousands of proteins in quests for a delineation of the molecular details of their function. Several(More)