Johan Gobom

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Synaptic pathology occurs early in Alzheimer's disease (AD) development, and cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers for synaptic damage may be altered early in the disease process. In the present study we examined cerebrospinal fluid levels of the postsynaptic protein neurogranin in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or AD and controls. The low(More)
To gain insights into complex biological processes, such as transcription and replication, the analysis of protein-DNA interactions and the determination of their sequence requirements are of central importance. In this study, we probed protein microarray technology and ultraviolet crosslinking combined with mass spectrometry (MS) for their practicability(More)
Niemann-Pick type C (NPC) is a progressive neurodegenerative lysosomal disease with altered cellular lipid trafficking. The metabolism of amyloid-β (Aβ) - previously mainly studied in Alzheimer’s disease - has been suggested to be altered in NPC. Here we aimed to perform a detailed characterization of metabolic products from the amyloid precursor protein(More)
INTRODUCTION Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) amyloid-β 1-42 (Aβ42) is an important biomarker for Alzheimer's disease, both in diagnostics and to monitor disease-modifying therapies. However, there is a great need for standardization of methods used for quantification. To overcome problems associated with immunoassays, liquid chromatography-tandem mass(More)
BACKGROUND Biological Mass Spectrometry is used to analyse peptides and proteins. A mass spectrum generates a list of measured mass to charge ratios and intensities of ionised peptides, which is called a peak-list. In order to classify the underlying amino acid sequence, the acquired spectra are usually compared with synthetic ones. Development of suitable(More)
We report on the analysis of endogenous peptides in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) by mass spectrometry. A method was developed for preparation of peptide extracts from CSF. Analysis of the extracts by offline LC-MALDI MS resulted in the detection of 3,000-4,000 peptide-like features. Out of these, 730 peptides were identified by MS/MS. The majority of these(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive brain amyloidosis that injures brain regions involved in memory consolidation and other higher brain functions. Neuropathologically, the disease is characterized by accumulation of a 42 amino acid peptide called amyloid β (Aβ42) in extracellular senile plaques, intraneuronal inclusions of hyperphosphorylated tau(More)
Amyloid beta (Aβ) is the main component of plaques, the central neuropathological hallmark in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Aβ is derived from the amyloid precursor protein (APP) by β- and γ-secretase-mediated cleavages. A large number of Aβ peptides are found in cerebrospinal fluid and these peptides are produced in specific metabolic pathways, which are(More)
In Alzheimer’s disease, beta-amyloid peptides in the brain aggregate into toxic oligomers and plaques, a process which is associated with neuronal degeneration, memory loss, and cognitive decline. One therapeutic strategy is to decrease the production of potentially toxic beta-amyloid species by the use of inhibitors or modulators of the enzymes that(More)