Johan Feuth Schoeman

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Tuberculous meningitis causes substantial mortality and morbidity in children and adults. More research is urgently needed to better understand the pathogenesis of disease and to improve its clinical management and outcome. A major stumbling block is the absence of standardised diagnostic criteria. The different case definitions used in various studies(More)
Serial cranial computed tomographic (CT) scanning and intracranial pressure monitoring were performed on 198 children with stage II and III tuberculous meningitis. The aims of the study were to document the course of tuberculous hydrocephalus during medical and surgical treatment, as well as the prognostic significance of parenchymal changes in the brain as(More)
Hydrocephalus is a common complication of tuberculous meningitis (TBM) in children. In this study, 217 patients with stage II and III TBM and hydrocephalus (TBMH) were reviewed. Ventriculoperitoneal shunting (VPS) was performed in the acute stage if the hydrocephalus was non-communicating or following failed medical therapy if the hydrocephalus was(More)
Tuberculous meningitis is especially common in young children and people with untreated HIV infection, and it kills or disables roughly half of everyone affected. Childhood disease can be prevented by vaccination and by giving prophylactic isoniazid to children exposed to infectious adults, although improvements in worldwide tuberculosis control would lead(More)
The effect of different treatment regimes on intracranial pressure (ICP), degree of hydrocephalus and clinical outcome was evaluated in 81 children with tuberculous meningitis. 24 children underwent CSF shunting, while 57 with communicating hydrocephalus were randomly assigned to three treatment groups: antituberculous drugs only; or additional intrathecal(More)
INTRODUCTION Tuberculous (TB) meningitis is sometimes difficult to diagnose in young children. The decision to start anti-TB treatment of TB meningitis is usually made on clinical grounds and results of special investigations, such as cerebrospinal fluid examination and cranial computerized tomography (CT), because bacteriologic yield is low and the results(More)
MR imaging was performed on 27 children with stage II–III tuberculous meningitis for the specific purpose of examining the brainstem, as well as comparison with other CT features of the disease. In addition to defining the ischemic disturbances of basal ganglia and diencephalon more clearly, MR also demonstrates the frequent occurrence of parenchymal signal(More)
Intracranial pressure (ICP) was monitored in 218 consecutive children with hydrocephalus secondary to tuberculous meningitis (TBM). All children underwent cranial computerized tomographic (CT) scanning and continuous lumbar cerebrospinal (CSF) pressure monitoring on admission. Noncommunicating hydrocephalus (37 children), as determined by air(More)
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure was monitored in 24 children with acute tuberculous meningitis. 19 had raised intracranial pressure (ICP) as reflected by increased baseline pressure, pressure waves (e.g. B-waves) and increased amplitude of the pulse wave. Correlation between clinical signs of raised ICP and monitored CSF pressure showed that clinical(More)
Three young children with the Schilder variant of multiple sclerosis were seen within a 3-year period at our hospital. The diagnosis was made on the basis of the typical (but not pathognomonic) clinical and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings after eliminating other demyelinating and post-infectious disorders of the central nervous system. All three(More)