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—The use of airborne CARABAS-II VHF (20–90 MHz) SAR data for retrieval of forest parameters has been investigated. The investigation was performed at a test site located in the southwest of Sweden consisting mainly of Norway spruce forests. Regression models predicting forest parameters from radar backscattering amplitude were developed and evaluated. The(More)
C-band repeat-pass interferometry, in particular, the coherence, has been shown to be of great potential for stem volume retrieval. For boreal forests, we have investigated a stem volume retrieval method based on inversion of ERS-1/2 coherence measurements by means of a semiempirical model. A multitemporal combination of several stem volume estimates has(More)
—Multitemporal European Remote Sensing satellites 1 and 2 (ERS-1/2) and the Japanese Earth Resources Satellite 1 (JERS-1) interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) data from a boreal forest test site in Sweden (stem volumes up to 335 m 3 /ha, equivalent to above-ground dry biomass of 200 tons/ha) are studied in order to estimate stem volume using(More)
Above-ground forest biomass is a significant variable in the terrestrial carbon budget, but is still estimated with relatively large uncertainty. Remote sensing methods can improve the characterization of the spatial distribution and estimation accuracy of biomass; in this respect, it is important to examine the potential offered by new sensors. To assess(More)
E) in the north of Sweden are characterized by hemiboreal and boreal forests, respectively. In this paper, we have investigated the signatures of standwise backscat-ter measurements from forests with different growth stages in relation to polarization, environmental conditions, image viewing geometry, and spatial resolution. The HV backscatter presented(More)
Humanization has played a fundamental role in the remarkable progress of antibodies as therapeutic reagents. Here we have reviewed the publications on antibody humanization since the first report on CDR grafting in the second half of the 1980's up to June 2007. We describe the two main trends in the field: rational and empirical methods to humanize(More)
— The ability to retrieve forest stem volume using CARABAS (coherent all radio band sensing) SAR images (28–60 MHz) has been investigated. The test site is a deciduous mixed forest on the island of¨Oland in southern Sweden. The images have been radiometrically calibrated using an array of horizontal dipoles. The images exhibit a clear discrimination between(More)