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The predilection sites of atherosclerotic plaques implicate rheologic factors like shear stress underlying the genesis of atherosclerosis. Presently no technique is available that enables one to provide 3D shear stress data in human coronary arteries in vivo. In this study, we describe a novel technique that uses a recently developed 3D reconstruction(More)
A computer-assisted technique has been developed to assess absolute coronary arterial dimensions from 35 mm cineangiograms. The boundaries of optically magnified and video-digitized coronary segments and the intracardiac catheter are defined by automated edge-detection techniques. Contour positions are corrected for pincushion distortion. The accuracy and(More)
BACKGROUND In-stent restenosis by excessive intimal hyperplasia reduces the long-term clinical efficacy of coronary stents. Because shear stress (SS) is related to plaque growth in atherosclerosis, we investigated whether variations in SS distribution are related to variations in neointima formation. METHODS AND RESULTS In 14 patients, at 6-month(More)
To evaluate the efficacy of modern therapeutic procedures in the catheterization laboratory, the effects of vasoactive drugs, as well as the effects of short and long term interventions on the regression or progression of coronary artery disease, an objective and reproducible technique for the assessment of coronary artery dimensions was developed. This(More)
BACKGROUND Atherosclerosis preferentially develops at average low shear stress (SS) locations. SS-related signaling maintains lumen dimensions by inducing outward arterial remodeling. Prolonged plaque accumulation at low SS predilection locations explains an inverse relation between wall thickness (WT) and SS. No data exist on WT-SS relations when lumen(More)
The true 3-dimensional neointimal thickness distribution in sirolimus-eluting stents was investigated in relation to the shear stress distribution, which was obtained from computational fluid dynamics calculations. Small pits were observed between the stent struts in all patients, and a significant inverse relation between neointimal thickness and shear(More)
Blood-flow-induced shear stress acting on the arterial wall is of paramount importance in vascular biology. Endothelial cells sense shear stress and largely control its value in a feedback-control loop by adapting the arterial dimensions to blood flow. Nevertheless, to allow for variations in arterial geometry, such as bifurcations, shear stress control is(More)
Aim of this study is the assessment of feasibility and clinical usefulness of a new index of stenosis severity, the slope of the instantaneous transstenotic pressure gradient/velocity relationship. Twenty-one patients scheduled for percutaneous revascularization procedures were studied with simultaneous measurement of poststenotic coronary pressure and flow(More)
AIMS Atherosclerotic plaques develop in low shear stress regions. In the more advanced phase of the disease, plaques are exposed to altered shear stress levels, which could influence plaque composition. We investigated changes in plaque composition in human coronary arteries over a 6-month period and how these changes are related to shear stress. METHODS(More)
Currently, automated systems for quantitative analysis by intracoronary ultrasound (ICUS) are restricted to the detection of the lumen. The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy and reproducibility of a new semiautomated contour detection method, providing off-line identification of the intimal leading edge and external contour of the vessel in(More)