Johan C. H. Schuurbiers

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A computer-assisted technique has been developed to assess absolute coronary arterial dimensions from 35 mm cineangiograms. The boundaries of optically magnified and video-digitized coronary segments and the intracardiac catheter are defined by automated edge-detection techniques. Contour positions are corrected for pincushion distortion. The accuracy and(More)
The predilection sites of atherosclerotic plaques implicate rheologic factors like shear stress underlying the genesis of atherosclerosis. Presently no technique is available that enables one to provide 3D shear stress data in human coronary arteries in vivo. In this study, we describe a novel technique that uses a recently developed 3D reconstruction(More)
BACKGROUND In-stent restenosis by excessive intimal hyperplasia reduces the long-term clinical efficacy of coronary stents. Because shear stress (SS) is related to plaque growth in atherosclerosis, we investigated whether variations in SS distribution are related to variations in neointima formation. METHODS AND RESULTS In 14 patients, at 6-month(More)
Blood-flow-induced shear stress acting on the arterial wall is of paramount importance in vascular biology. Endothelial cells sense shear stress and largely control its value in a feedback-control loop by adapting the arterial dimensions to blood flow. Nevertheless, to allow for variations in arterial geometry, such as bifurcations, shear stress control is(More)
To evaluate the efficacy of modern therapeutic procedures in the catheterization laboratory, the effects of vasoactive drugs, as well as the effects of short and long term interventions on the regression or progression of coronary artery disease, an objective and reproducible technique for the assessment of coronary artery dimensions was developed. This(More)
BACKGROUND True 3D reconstruction of coronary arteries in patients based on intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) may be achieved by fusing angiographic and IVUS information (ANGUS). The clinical applicability of ANGUS was tested, and its accuracy was evaluated quantitatively. METHODS AND REUSLTS: In 16 patients who were investigated 6 months after stent(More)
BACKGROUND Atherosclerosis preferentially develops at average low shear stress (SS) locations. SS-related signaling maintains lumen dimensions by inducing outward arterial remodeling. Prolonged plaque accumulation at low SS predilection locations explains an inverse relation between wall thickness (WT) and SS. No data exist on WT-SS relations when lumen(More)
Currently, automated systems for quantitative analysis by intracoronary ultrasound (ICUS) are restricted to the detection of the lumen. The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy and reproducibility of a new semiautomated contour detection method, providing off-line identification of the intimal leading edge and external contour of the vessel in(More)
The true 3-dimensional neointimal thickness distribution in sirolimus-eluting stents was investigated in relation to the shear stress distribution, which was obtained from computational fluid dynamics calculations. Small pits were observed between the stent struts in all patients, and a significant inverse relation between neointimal thickness and shear(More)
Once plaques intrude into the lumen, the shear stress they are exposed to alters with hitherto unknown consequences for plaque composition. We investigated the relationship between shear stress and strain, a marker for plaque composition, in human coronary arteries. We imaged 31 plaques in coronary arteries with angiography and intravascular ultrasound.(More)