Johan Bylund

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The influence of activation of glutamate receptor (GluR) on outward K(+) current in cultured neonate rat hippocampal astrocytes was investigated. Patch-clamp analysis of K(+) channel currents in cultured astrocytes identified the existence of 71 +/- 6 and 161 +/- 11 pS single-channel K(+) currents that were sensitive to changes in voltage and [Ca(2+)](i)(More)
BACKGROUND Sepsis is a potentially deadly disease that often is caused by gram-positive bacteria, in particular Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus). As there are few effective therapies for sepsis, increased basic knowledge about factors predisposing is needed. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS The purpose of this study was to study the effect of Western diet(More)
Serum amyloid A (SAA) is one of the acute-phase reactants, a group of plasma proteins that increases immensely in concentration during microbial infections and inflammatory conditions, and a close relationship between SAA levels and disease activity in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has been observed. RA is an inflammatory disease, where neutrophils play(More)
BACKGROUND Cytochalasin B does not directly activate the oxygen-radical-producing NADPH oxidase activity of neutrophils but transfers desensitized G-protein coupled receptors (GPCR) into an active signaling state by uncoupling GCPR from the cytoskeleton. The receptor uncoupling results in respiratory burst activity when signals generated by reactivated(More)
Neutrophil heterogeneity was described decades ago, but it could not be elucidated at the time whether the existence of different neutrophil subsets had any biological relevance. It has been corroborated in recent years that neutrophil subsets, defined by differential expression of various markers, are indeed present in human blood, calling for renewed(More)
The cecropin-like bactericidal peptide Hp(2-20) from Helicobacter pylori induces activation of the NADPH oxidase in human neutrophils via formyl peptide receptor-like 1 (FPRL1) (J. Bylund, T. Christophe, F. Boulay, T. Nyström, A. Karlsson, and C. Dahlgren, Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 45:1700-1704, 2001). Here we investigated the ability of bacterial(More)
Cathelicidins are CHDP with essential roles in innate host defense but also more recently associated with the pathogenesis of certain chronic diseases. These peptides have microbicidal potential and the capacity to modulate innate immunity and inflammatory processes. PMN are key innate immune effector cells with pivotal roles in defense against infection.(More)
This report deals with one way of solving a simplified " Cocktail-party " problem, using Blind Source Separation. The specific problem is that of separating one source from a mixture of two. More precise, separating a piece of music from a mixture of music and a human voice, by means of the time independent one-unit approach of blind source separation.(More)
We have previously shown that the defective ability of alveolar macrophages (AM) to phagocytose apoptotic cells ('efferocytosis') in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease/emphysema (COPD) could be therapeutically improved using the C-type lectin, mannose binding lectin (MBL), although the exact mechanisms underlying this effect are unknown. An S-type(More)
Neutrophils express different chemoattractant receptors of importance for guiding the cells from the blood stream to sites of inflammation. These receptors communicate with one another, a cross talk manifested as hierarchical, heterologous receptor desensitization. We describe a new receptor cross talk mechanism, by which desensitized formyl peptide(More)