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cDNA of a novel human cytochrome P450 was cloned from human liver by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and designated CYP4F12. The open reading frame coded for 524 amino acids, and the sequence could be aligned with 78-83% amino acid identity to the four human CYP4F enzymes (CYP4F2, CYP4F3, CYP4F8 and CYP4F11). Northern blot analysis suggested(More)
Leukotriene B(4) (LTB(4)) is a lipid mediator that plays an important role in inflammation. Metabolism of LTB(4) by cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes belonging to the CYP4F subfamily is considered to be of importance for the regulation of inflammation. This study investigates LTB(4) metabolism by recombinant rat CYP4F5 and CYP4F6 expressed in a yeast system and(More)
A novel cytochrome P450, CYP4F8, was recently cloned from human seminal vesicles. CYP4F8 was expressed in yeast. Recombinant CYP4F8 oxygenated arachidonic acid to (18R)-hydroxyarachidonate, whereas prostaglandin (PG) D(2), PGE(1), PGE(2), PGF(2alpha), and leukotriene B(4) appeared to be poor substrates. Three stable PGH(2) analogues,(More)
Despite the characterization of some Burkholderia cepacia complex exopolysaccharides (EPSs), little is known about the role of EPSs in the pathogenicity of B. cepacia complex organisms. We describe 2 Burkholderia cenocepacia (genomovar III) isolates obtained from a patient with cystic fibrosis (CF): the nonmucoid isolate C8963 and the mucoid isolate C9343.(More)
Burkholderia cepacia complex is a life-threatening group of pathogens for patients with chronic granulomatous disease (CGD), whose phagocytes are unable to produce reactive oxygen species (ROS). Unlike other CGD pathogens, B. cepacia complex is particularly virulent, characteristically causing septicemia, and is the bacterial species responsible for most(More)
Professional phagocytes increase their consumption of molecular oxygen during the phagocytosis of microbes or when encountering a variety of nonparticulate stimuli. In these circumstances, oxygen is reduced by the phagocyte NADPH oxidase, and reactive oxygen species (ROS), which are important for the microbicidal activity of the cells, are generated. The(More)
19R-Hydroxyprostaglandins are major components of human seminal fluid. They are apparently formed in the seminal vesicles by NADPH-dependent omega2-hydroxylation. The hydroxylase is likely a cytochrome P450 (CYP), which has not been identified. To address this issue we studied gene expression of CYPs in human seminal vesicles (n = 4) with(More)
Neutrophils enter sites of infection, where they can eliminate pathogenic bacteria in an oxidative manner. Despite their predominance in active tuberculosis lesions, the function of neutrophils in this important human infection is still highly controversial. We observed that virulent Mycobacterium tuberculosis survived inside human neutrophils despite(More)
Neutrophils express the G protein-coupled N-formyl peptide receptor (FPR) and its homologue FPRL1. The hexapeptide Trp-Lys-Tyr-Met-Val-D-Met-NH2 (WKYMVm) activates HL-60 cells transfected either with FPRL1 or with FPR. The signaling through the stably expressed receptors was inhibited by specific receptor antagonists, cyclosporine H and WRWWWW (WRW4) for(More)
Activation of professional phagocytes, potent microbial killers of our innate immune system, is associated with an increase in cellular consumption of molecular oxygen (O2). The burst of 02 consumption is utilized by an NADPH-oxidase to generate highly-reactive oxygen species (ROS) starting with one and two electron reductions to generate superoxide anion(More)