Johan Bylund

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Despite the characterization of some Burkholderia cepacia complex exopolysaccharides (EPSs), little is known about the role of EPSs in the pathogenicity of B. cepacia complex organisms. We describe 2 Burkholderia cenocepacia (genomovar III) isolates obtained from a patient with cystic fibrosis (CF): the nonmucoid isolate C8963 and the mucoid isolate C9343.(More)
Infection with Helicobacter pylori causes chronic gastritis, which is characterized by a dense mucosal infiltration by inflammatory cells such as monocytes/macrophages. H. pylori-induced inflammation is a risk factor for the development of gastric adenocarcinoma, but the mechanisms involved in H. pylori-associated carcinogenesis are poorly understood. A(More)
Bacteria belonging to the Burkholderia cepacia complex are important opportunistic pathogens in compromised hosts, particularly patients with cystic fibrosis or chronic granulomatous disease. Isolates of B. cepacia complex may produce large amounts of exopolysaccharides (EPS) that endow the bacteria with a mucoid phenotype and appear to facilitate bacterial(More)
cDNA of a novel human cytochrome P450 was cloned from human liver by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and designated CYP4F12. The open reading frame coded for 524 amino acids, and the sequence could be aligned with 78-83% amino acid identity to the four human CYP4F enzymes (CYP4F2, CYP4F3, CYP4F8 and CYP4F11). Northern blot analysis suggested(More)
19R-Hydroxyprostaglandins are major components of human seminal fluid. They are apparently formed in the seminal vesicles by NADPH-dependent omega2-hydroxylation. The hydroxylase is likely a cytochrome P450 (CYP), which has not been identified. To address this issue we studied gene expression of CYPs in human seminal vesicles (n = 4) with(More)
We have used reversed phase-high performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (RP-HPLC-MS) with an ion trap mass spectrometer to study the metabolism of arachidonic and linoleic acids by human recombinant cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes. We first recorded the MS2 spectra of the carboxylate anions of epoxides, diols, omega-side chain, and bisallylic(More)
The development of genetic competence in Bacillus subtilis requires the synthesis of ComK, a transcription factor, which is normally produced as a culture enters the stationary phase. This synthesis is known to be regulated in part by the protein MecA. Loss-of-function mutations in mecA result in overexpression of ComK and its appearance early during(More)
1. Intestinal loss, 1 - (Fobs/fH), is the missing fraction of the dose that is unexplained by systemic clearance. Here, we investigated whether intestinal loss in rat is predictive for human, and whether intestinal metabolism explained observed differences between rat and human. 2. For 81 marketed drugs, human and rat intestinal loss values were calculated(More)
Chronic granulomatous disease is an immunodeficiency caused by an inability to produce reactive oxygen species. While the mechanism of hyper-sensitivity to infection is well understood in CGD, the basis for debilitating inflammatory disorders that arise in the absence of evident infection has not been fully explained. Herein it is demonstrated that resting(More)
Neutrophils enter sites of infection, where they can eliminate pathogenic bacteria in an oxidative manner. Despite their predominance in active tuberculosis lesions, the function of neutrophils in this important human infection is still highly controversial. We observed that virulent Mycobacterium tuberculosis survived inside human neutrophils despite(More)