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—The HSPA Evolution will during the next decade be a key radio access technology for a cost-effective provisioning of mobile broadband services. In addition to the continuous improvements of WCDMA/HSPA in terms of spectral efficiency and latency, " multi-carrier operation " (or " carrier aggregation ") for individual connections is now introduced. This(More)
—Narrowband Internet of Things (NB-IoT) is a new cellular technology introduced in 3GPP Release 13 for providing wide-area coverage for the Internet of Things (IoT). This article provides an overview of the air interface of NB-IoT. We describe how NB-IoT addresses key IoT requirements such as deployment flexibility, low device complexity, long battery life(More)
Software testing is a crucial but cost consuming practice in the development of safety critical software-intensive systems. In industry software testing techniques are chosen heuristically rather than scientifically. Researchers have studied for many years which test method is more efficient and effective in an industrial setting. Nevertheless, test design(More)
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