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—The HSPA Evolution will during the next decade be a key radio access technology for a cost-effective provisioning of mobile broadband services. In addition to the continuous improvements of WCDMA/HSPA in terms of spectral efficiency and latency, " multi-carrier operation " (or " carrier aggregation ") for individual connections is now introduced. This(More)
—Narrowband Internet of Things (NB-IoT) is a new cellular technology introduced in 3GPP Release 13 for providing wide-area coverage for the Internet of Things (IoT). This article provides an overview of the air interface of NB-IoT. We describe how NB-IoT addresses key IoT requirements such as deployment flexibility, low device complexity, long battery life(More)
Software testing is a crucial but cost consuming practice in the development of safety critical software-intensive systems. In industry software testing techniques are chosen heuristically rather than scientifically. Researchers have studied for many years which test method is more efficient and effective in an industrial setting. Nevertheless, test design(More)
Many use cases in the Internet of Things (IoT) will require or benefit from location information, making positioning a vital dimension of the IoT. The 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) has dedicated a significant effort during its Release 14 to enhance positioning support for its IoT technologies to further improve the 3GPP-based IoT eco-system. In(More)
Developing abilities to assemble nanoscale structures is a major scientific and engineering challenge. We report a technique which allows precise positioning and manipulation of individual rigid filaments, enabling construction of custom-designed 3D filament networks. This approach uses holographic optical trapping (HOT) for nano-positioning and(More)
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