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In 1879, the French surgeon Segond described the existence of a 'pearly, resistant, fibrous band' at the anterolateral aspect of the human knee, attached to the eponymous Segond fracture. To date, the enigma surrounding this anatomical structure is reflected in confusing names such as '(mid-third) lateral capsular ligament', 'capsulo-osseous layer of the(More)
Various authors have indicated that imbalance of the vastus medialis/vastus lateralis muscles might lead to patellofemoral pain syndrome. However, few reports have been published to substantiate such a hypothesis. The purpose of this study was to attempt to set a scale for the normal reflex response times of the vastus medialis oblique and vastus lateralis(More)
The understanding of rotational alignment of the distal femur is essential in total knee replacement to ensure that there is correct placement of the femoral component. Many reference axes have been described, but there is still disagreement about their value and mutual angular relationship. Our aim was to validate a geometrically-defined reference axis(More)
The purpose of this study was to describe the intra- and inter-observer variability of the registration of bony landmarks and alignment axes on a Computed Axial Tomography (CT) scan. Six cadaver specimens were scanned. Three-dimensional surface models of the knee were created. Three observers marked anatomic surface landmarks and alignment landmarks. The(More)
Our purpose was to determine the mechanism which allows the maximum knee flexion in vivo after a posterior-cruciate-ligament (PCL)-retaining total knee arthroplasty. Using three-dimensional computer-aided design videofluoroscopy of deep squatting in 29 patients, we determined that in 72% of knees, direct impingement of the tibial insert posteriorly against(More)
We performed a prospective, randomised trial of 44 patients to compare the functional outcomes of a posterior-cruciate-ligament-retaining and posterior-cruciate-ligament-substituting total knee arthroplasty, and to gain a better understanding of the in vivo kinematic behaviour of both devices. At follow-up at five years, no statistically significant(More)
Goniometry is a commonly used method for the clinical assessment of range of motion (ROM) of the knee. A digital photograph of the knee in maximal flexion and extension could provide a more objective way to assess the ROM. The aim of our study was to investigate the reliability of the use of digital photographs as a method for measuring the ROM of the knee.(More)
Many surgeons believe that increasing the tibial slope in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is beneficial with regard to maximal postoperative flexion. Review of the clinical literature, however, does not confirm this hypothesis, neither does it give an answer to the question of how much flexion gain can be expected per degree extra tibial slope. The purpose of(More)
A comparative kinematics study was conducted on six cadaver limbs, comparing tibiofemoral kinematics in five conditions: unloaded, under a constant 130 N ankle load with a variable quadriceps load, with and without a simultaneous constant 50 N medial and lateral hamstrings load. Kinematics were described as translation of the projected centers of the medial(More)