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We analyzed data from the Australia and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant Registry for 1 October 2003 to 31 December 2008 with the aim of describing the nature of peritonitis, therapies, and outcomes in patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD) in Australia. At least 1 episode of PD was observed in 6639 patients. The overall peritonitis rate was 0.60 episodes(More)
BACKGROUND Sleep disturbances, in particular restless legs or limb movements, during the night are often reported by uremic patients. However, polysomnography (PSG) studies have never been carried out to confirm the actual occurrence of these disorders and the association with other objective and self-reported sleep-wake data. METHODS Forty-eight(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to investigate the factors affecting recovery and durability of dialysis-independent renal function following commencement of peritoneal dialysis (PD). DESIGN Retrospective, observational cohort study of the Australian and New Zealand PD patient population. SETTING Australia and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant(More)
In recent years dietary protein restriction (DPR) to slow down the progression rate of chronic renal disease has been a major field in nephrological science. In this update a brief historical overview is given, as well as a critical review regarding the now available data from clinical trials. Furthermore, the theoretical backgrounds of DPR are discussed.(More)
BACKGROUND Automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) is widely recommended for the management of high transporters by the International Society of Peritoneal Dialysis (ISPD), although there have been no adequate studies to date comparing the outcomes of APD and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) in this high risk group. METHODS The relative impact(More)
We compared survival and death-censored technique survival in patients on automated peritoneal dialysis (automated dialysis) or on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. All 4128 patients from the Australia and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant Registry who started peritoneal dialysis over a 5-year period through March 2004 were included. Times to(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the present investigation is to compare rates, types, causes, and timing of infectious death in incident peritoneal dialysis (PD) and hemodialysis (HD) patients in Australia and New Zealand. STUDY DESIGN Observational cohort study using the Australian and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant Registry data. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS The(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS We aimed to investigate the risk of end-stage diabetic nephropathy due to Type II (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus in Indo-Asian immigrants from Surinam. METHODS A demographically based case-control study was carried out in Surinamese Indo-Asian immigrants and Dutch Caucasian subjects. All patients with end-stage diabetic(More)
BACKGROUND There has not been a comprehensive, multi-centre study of streptococcal peritonitis in patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD) to date. METHODS The predictors, treatment and clinical outcomes of streptococcal peritonitis were examined by binary logistic regression and multilevel, multivariate poisson regression in all Australian PD patients(More)
UNLABELLED Background. Enterococcal peritonitis is a serious complication of peritoneal dialysis (PD), although reports of this condition in the literature are exceedingly limited. Methods. The frequency, predictors, treatment and clinical outcomes of enterococcal peritonitis were investigated in all 4675 patients receiving PD in Australia between 1 October(More)