Johan Aschan

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BACKGROUND Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) have immunomodulatory effects. The aim was to study the effect of MSC infusion on graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). METHODS We gave MSC to eight patients with steroid-refractory grades III-IV GVHD and one who had extensive chronic GVHD. The MSC dose was median 1.0 (range 0.7 to 9)x10(6)/kg. No acute side-effects(More)
  • Johan Aschan
  • Best practice & research. Clinical haematology
  • 2007
After the introduction of cyclophosphamide and total body irradiation in the 1970s, a variety of conditioning regimens has been developed. However, none has proven to be superior. Fractionation of the irradiation results in less toxic side-effects, but the total dose has to be increased to obtain similar immunosuppressive effects. Data from randomized(More)
Busulphan levels in plasma were measured in 27 patients during conditioning therapy (1 mg/kg×4 for 4 days) before bone marrow transplantation. The mean minimal concentration found in children aged <5 years (237 ng ml−1) was lower than that observed in adults or older children (607 and 573 ng ml−1, respectively). The AUC for the last dose was significantly(More)
BACKGROUND Several preventive strategies against cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease have been developed during the last decade. These have frequently been used in combination, and it has been difficult to identify each strategy's contribution. METHODS Risk factors for CMV disease, death in CMV disease and transplant-related mortality were analyzed in 584(More)
Infectious complications remain a major problem contributing to significant mortality after hematopoietic allogeneic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Few studies have previously analyzed mortality due to late infections. Forty-four patients dying from an infectious complication were identified from a cohort of 688 consecutive patients surviving more than 6(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease remains an important complication of allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT). We studied viral load kinetics and correlated the viral load and other transplant factors with the development of CMV disease. DESIGN AND METHODS We studied 162 consecutive patients who were CMV seropositive or had CMV(More)
Allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) is an established treatment of haematological malignancies and other immunohaematopoietic disorders. The use of unrelated donors and cord blood (CB) grafts has increased the possibilities of finding a donor, and results are approaching those after sibling donor transplants. The use of peripheral(More)
We here report 25 patients with nonmalignant disorders, ie, severe aplastic anemia (SAA, n = 12) or inborn errors of metabolism (IEM, n = 13), who underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) from unrelated high-resolution typed HLA-A, -B, and -DRbeta1 identical donors. One patient had an HLA-B subtype-mismatched donor. Conditioning(More)
Long-term survival of 182 leukemic patients after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) was analyzed retrospectively regarding the type of graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) prophylaxis and patient age. Monotherapy with either methotrexate (MTX) (n = 59) or cyclosporin (CSA) (n = 40) was given to 79 patients less than 30 years of age and to 20 older(More)
OBJECTIVE Treosulfan is a prodrug with a specific clinical activity in ovarian carcinoma and other solid tumors. Due to its myeloablative and immunosuppressive effects, its use in conditioning regimens prior to allogeneic stem cell treatment (SCT) has been proposed. In the present preclinical study, myeloablative as well as immunosuppressive properties of(More)