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Recent reports have supported the existence of neural stem cells in the adult mammalian CNS. Important features of such cells are self-renewal and multipotency, i.e., they can give rise to neurons, astrocytes, and oligodendrocytes and thus in principle replace lost cells in the CNS. Observations in several animal models of CNS diseases have shown that by(More)
We report genetic aberrations that activate the ERK/MAP kinase pathway in 100% of posterior fossa pilocytic astrocytomas, with a high frequency of gene fusions between KIAA1549 and BRAF among these tumours. These fusions were identified from analysis of focal copy number gains at 7q34, detected using Affymetrix 250K and 6.0 SNP arrays. PCR and sequencing(More)
Neural stem cells have a broad differentiation repertoire during embryonic development and can be reprogrammed to pluripotency comparatively easily. We report that adult neural stem cells can be reprogrammed at very high efficiency to monocytes, a differentiated fate of an unrelated somatic lineage, by ectopic expression of the Ets transcription factor(More)
BORIS (CTCFL) is the paralog of CTCF (CCCTC-binding factor; NM_006565), a ubiquitously expressed DNA-binding protein with diverse roles in gene expression and chromatin organisation. BORIS and CTCF have virtually identical zinc finger domains, yet display major differences in their respective C- and N-terminal regions. Unlike CTCF, BORIS expression has been(More)
The proliferation and differentiation of neural progenitor (NP) cells can be regulated by neurotransmitters including GABA and dopamine. The present study aimed to examine how these two neurotransmitter systems interact to affect post-natal hippocampal NP cell proliferation in vitro. Mouse hippocampal NP cells express functional GABAA receptors, which upon(More)
An extensive characterization of fetal mouse brain cell aggregates has been performed using immunohistochemical and stereological methods. Single cell suspensions from mechanically dissociated cortex and hippocampus were cultured in serum-free, B27-supplemented medium under constant gyratory agitation for up to 56 days. Three-dimensional aggregates started(More)
Activation of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) by interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) is a fundamental step in the adaptive immune response to pathogens. Here, we show that reorganization of chromatin loop domains in the MHC is evident within the first 30 min of IFN-γ treatment of fibroblasts, and that further dynamic alterations occur up to 6 h. These very(More)
BORIS (CTCFL), a paralogue of the multifunctional and ubiquitously expressed transcription factor CTCF, is best known for its role in transcriptional regulation. In the nucleus, BORIS is particularly enriched in the nucleolus, a crucial compartment for ribosomal RNA and RNA metabolism. However, little is known about cytoplasmic BORIS, which represents the(More)
The present report concerns the generation of specific markers and the establishment of a selection procedure for microglia specific molecules from phage displayed peptide libraries. Negative selection against a mouse monocytic cell line (IC-21) and positive selection against primary mouse microglia was combined in the selection procedures using a mixture(More)
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