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We present active-state structures of the G protein-coupled receptor (GPCRs) rhodopsin carrying the disease-causing mutation G90D. Mutations of G90 cause either retinitis pigmentosa (RP) or congenital stationary night blindness (CSNB), a milder, non-progressive form of RP. Our analysis shows that the CSNB-causing G90D mutation introduces a salt bridge with(More)
The activation of the G-protein transducin (Gt) by rhodopsin (Rho) has been intensively studied for several decades. It is the best understood example of GPCR activation mechanism and serves as a template for other GPCRs. The structure of the Rho/G protein complex, which is transiently formed during the signaling reaction, is of particular interest. It can(More)
Lipidic cubic phases (LCPs) have emerged as successful matrixes for the crystallization of membrane proteins. Moreover, the viscous LCP also provides a highly effective delivery medium for serial femtosecond crystallography (SFX) at X-ray free-electron lasers (XFELs). Here, the adaptation of this technology to perform serial millisecond crystallography(More)
The effects of activating mutations associated with night blindness on the stoichiometry of rhodopsin interactions with G protein-coupled receptor kinase 1 (GRK1) and arrestin-1 have not been reported. Here we show that the monomeric form of WT rhodopsin and its constitutively active mutants M257Y, G90D, and T94I, reconstituted into HDL particles are(More)
The past years have seen tremendous progress towards understanding how arrestins recognize phosphorylated G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). Two arrestin crystal structures, one of a pre-activated splice variant and one bound to a GPCR phosphopeptide, provided insights into the conformational changes upon phosphate recognition. Scanning mutagenesis and(More)
Scanning mutagenesis is a powerful protein engineering technique used to study protein structure-function relationship, map binding sites and design more stable proteins or proteins with altered properties. One of the time-consuming tasks encountered in application of this technique is the design of primers for site-directed mutagenesis. Here we present an(More)
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