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BACKGROUND In patients with very severe dementia self-rating of quality of life usually is not possible and appropriate instruments for proxy-ratings are not available. The aim of this project is to develop an instrument of clinical proxy-ratings for this population. METHODS Using electronic instruments, physicians and nurses recorded patient behaviour(More)
A number of approaches have been used to model and thus describe N mineralization kinetics in soils. In this paper, we review and present a comparative evaluation of some approaches to modelling adopted for this purpose. These may broadly be categorized as: (1) simple functional approaches to predict net N mineralization and, (2) mechanistic approaches that(More)
Cloninger has developed a novel approach concerning relationships between psychopathological syndromes and personality by his biosocial theory. Increased levels of harm avoidance (HA) were consistently found in unipolar disorders. The present study was conducted to cross-validate, in part, previous findings that high harm avoidance (HA) persisted in the(More)
The Temperament and Character Inventory is an internationally used personality questionnaire based on Cloninger's psychobiological theory of personality. Given some limitations of Version 9 a revised version was developed. The structural equivalence of the two versions was demonstrated from a cross-cultural perspective with 309 and 173 healthy volunteers(More)
Distribution by age and sex of the dimensions of the Temperament and Character Inventory were assessed cross-culturally for samples in Sweden, Germany, and the USA. The Temperament and Character Inventory is a 240-item (Sweden, 238-item), self-administered, true-false format, paper-and-pencil test developed by Cloninger and his coworkers based on his(More)
The Fear Survey Schedule-III (FSS-III) was administered to a total of 5491 students in Australia, East Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Spain, Sweden, and Venezuela, and submitted to the multiple group method of confirmatory analysis (MGM) in order to determine the cross-national dimensional constancy of the five-factor(More)
BACKGROUND Although violence toward caregivers occurs often and caregivers' ability to interact and deal with difficult situations is relevant in preventing such violence, few studies have been conducted that focus on caregivers' characteristics. AIM This study explores the relationship between perceived exposure to violence and demographical factors,(More)
AIM To explore the construct validity of the ASQ in relation to premature birth; maternal age, completeness of the family and level of education; and the child's gender. METHODS Norwegian mothers' evaluations of 1172 children who completed age appropriate ASQs twice were statistically analysed by means of univariate and multivariate methods. RESULTS The(More)
PURPOSE To investigate mental health in Iranian adolescents, particularly in high school students from urban areas. METHOD A sample of 4599 girls and boys was selected from third year classes from high schools in Tehran by a stratified cluster random sampling method. They were investigated by means of the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) in a(More)
BACKGROUND   The development of Bronfenbrenner's bio-social-ecological systems model of human development parallels advances made to the theory of resilience that progressively moved from a more individual (micro) focus on traits to a multisystemic understanding of person-environment reciprocal processes. METHODS   This review uses Bronfenbrenner's model(More)