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In a randomized, prospective, multicenter study, we compared the safety, efficacy, and metabolic effects of a 7.5% icodextrin solution (Extraneal) with a 2.27% glucose solution for long dwell exchanges in patients undergoing automated peritoneal dialysis. Thirty-nine stable patients on automated peritoneal dialysis were randomized to receive either(More)
Worsening fluid balance results in reduced technique and patient survival in peritoneal dialysis. Under these conditions, the glucose polymer icodextrin is known to enhance ultrafiltration in the long dwell. A multicenter, randomized, double-blind, controlled trial was undertaken to compare icodextrin versus 2.27% glucose to establish whether icodextrin(More)
BACKGROUND In chronic ambulatory peritoneal dialysis, bicarbonate-buffered fluids, with their neutral pH and less advanced glycosylation end-products (AGE) and glucose degradation products (GDP), have better biocompatibility than conventional peritoneal dialysis (PD) solutions. That difference may be more beneficial in automated peritoneal dialysis (APD),(More)
Different methods of regional anticoagulation using citrate in continuous renal replacement therapy have been described in the past. However, these procedures were usually very complex or did not reach modem requirements for effective continuous renal replacement therapy. Furthermore, little is known about long-term acid-base stability and citrate levels(More)
In terms of the integrity of the peritoneal membrane in peritoneal dialysis (PD), the peritoneal mesothelial cells play a pivotal role since its monolayer constitutes the first line of the peritoneal membrane. Cancer antigen 125 (CA 125) is released by peritoneal mesothelial cells and correlates with the mesothelial cell mass in PD. Since its effluent(More)
OBJECTIVE In peritoneal dialysis (PD), neutrally buffered PD fluids with lower concentrations of glucose degradation products (GDP) have tested superior to conventional fluids in terms of biocompatibility. However, conventional in vitro studies provoke debate because, due to the lack of subsequent equilibration with the blood, they do not resemble the true(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Cyclosporin A ( CsA) plays a confounding part in the treatment of nephrotic syndrome. Renal hemodynamics and glomerular permselectivity were investigated in patients with glomerulonephritis to analyse the antiproteinuric action of CsA and to differentiate between nephrotoxic and immunosuppressive effects. METHODS We studied 19(More)
BACKGROUND Acute renal failure following the administration of radiocontrast media (RCM) is a complication found especially in patients with impaired renal function. Within the limits of a pilot study, the objective was to (a) show the effectiveness and compatibility of prostaglandin E(1) (PGE(1)=Alprostadil) in preventing acute renal failure in patients(More)
BACKGROUND Peritoneal sclerosis is a histopathologic finding that is probably causative of long-term system failure in peritoneal dialysis (PD). It may be due to uremic toxicity and the influence of peritoneal dialysate components. We intended to clarify to which degree peritoneal fibrosis and vascular changes were associated with the modalities of PD and(More)
BACKGROUND Increasing evidence suggests that conventional PD solutions are detrimental to host defence mechanisms of peritoneal cells. We tested a new amino-acid-based and bicarbonate-buffered PD solution under in vivo and in vitro conditions. METHODS During a prospective, cross-over randomized, intraindividual study 10 CAPD patients were investigated(More)