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Targeted monitoring of analgesia, sedation and delirium, as well as their appropriate management in critically ill patients is a standard of care in intensive care medicine. With the undisputed advantages of goal-oriented therapy established, there was a need to develop our own guidelines on analgesia and sedation in intensive care in Germany and these were(More)
OBJECTIVES The objective of the present study was to measure and compare the direct costs of intensive care unit (ICU) days at seven ICU departments in Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom by means of a standardized costing methodology. METHODS A retrospective cost analysis of ICU patients was performed from the hospital's perspective.(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study, conducted in 2006, was to find out whether changes in sedation management in German intensive care units took place in comparison with our survey from 2002. METHODS We conducted a follow-up survey with a descriptive and comparative cross-sectional multi-center design. A postal survey was sent between January and May 2006,(More)
INTRODUCTION Sedation and analgesia are provided by using different agents and techniques in different countries. The goal is to achieve early spontaneous breathing and to obtain an awake and cooperative pain-free patient. It was the aim of this study to conduct a survey of the agents and techniques used for analgesia and sedation in intensive care units in(More)
OBJECTIVE This study carried out the first patient-oriented survey on the practice of analgesia and sedation in German intensive care units, examining whether the goals of early spontaneous breathing and awake, cooperative patients are achieved. DESIGN A postal survey was sent to 261 hospitals in Germany. Each hospital received three patient-oriented(More)
The S2e Guidelines for sedation practice of the German Society for Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care recommend a clear prior definition of depth of sedation to be achieved in a given case, monitoring of depth of sedation by means of scoring systems, appropriate selection of analgesics and sedatives and the use of patient-oriented treatment regimens. These(More)
INTRODUCTION Until now, there has been no gold standard for monitoring delirium in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. In this prospective cohort study, a new score, the Delirium Detection Score (DDS), for severity of delirium in the ICU was evaluated. METHODS After ethical approval and written informed consent, intensive care doctors and nurses assessed(More)
PURPOSE To compare the quality of analgesia provided by a remifentanil-based analgesia regime with that provided by a fentanyl-based regime in critically ill patients. METHODS This was a registered, prospective, two-center, randomized, triple-blind study involving adult medical and surgical patients requiring mechanical ventilation (MV) for more than 24(More)
Preventing patient harm is one of the main tasks for the field of anesthesiology from early on. With the introduction of the national German incident reporting system PaSOS, which is hosted by the German anesthesia society, anesthesiology is again leading the field of patient safety. Important elements, success factors and background information for the(More)
BACKGROUND Short-term case cancellation causes frustration for anesthesiologists, surgeons, and patients and leads to suboptimal use of operating room (OR) resources. In many facilities, >10% of all cases are cancelled on the day of surgery, thereby causing major problems for OR management and anesthesia departments. The effect of hospital type and service(More)