Learn More
HAMP domains connect extracellular sensory with intracellular signaling domains in over 7500 proteins, including histidine kinases, adenylyl cyclases, chemotaxis receptors, and phosphatases. The solution structure of an archaeal HAMP domain shows a homodimeric, four-helical, parallel coiled coil with unusual interhelical packing, related to the canonical(More)
The mechanism of GroEL (chaperonin)-mediated protein folding is only partially understood. We have analysed structural and functional properties of the interaction between GroEL and the co-chaperonin GroES. The stoichiometry of the GroEL 14mer and the GroES 7mer in the functional holo-chaperonin is 1:1. GroES protects half of the GroEL subunits from(More)
A nuclear encoded mitochondrial heat-shock protein hsp60 is required for the assembly into oligomeric complexes of proteins imported into the mitochondrial matrix. hsp60 is a member of the 'chaperonin' class of protein factors, which include the Escherichia coli groEL protein and the Rubisco subunit-binding protein of chloroplasts.
Folding of two monomeric enzymes mediated by groE has been reconstituted in vitro. The groEL protein stabilizes the polypeptides in a conformation resembling the 'molten globule' state. Mg-ATP and groES then promote the acquisition of ordered tertiary structure at the surface of groEL. Folding requires the hydrolysis of about 100 ATP molecules per protein(More)
Bartonella henselae causes vasculoproliferative disorders in humans. We identified a nonfimbrial adhesin of B. henselae designated as Bartonella adhesin A (BadA). BadA is a 340-kD outer membrane protein encoded by the 9.3-kb badA gene. It has a modular structure and contains domains homologous to the Yersinia enterocolitica nonfimbrial adhesin (Yersinia(More)
The transport of precursor proteins into mitochondria requires an energized inner membrane. We report here that the import of various precursor proteins showed a differential sensitivity to treatment of the mitochondria with the uncoupler carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone. The differential inhibition by carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone was(More)
HAMP domains mediate signal transduction in over 7500 enzyme-coupled receptors represented in all kingdoms of life. The HAMP domain of the putative archaeal receptor Af1503 has a parallel, dimeric, four-helical coiled coil structure, but with unusual core packing, related to canonical packing by concerted axial rotation of the helices. This has led to the(More)
AAA proteins have entered the molecular realm after being known primarily for their wide range of different functions. Structural studies have highlighted the organization of their constituent ATPase domains and indicate that hexamerization in combination with unfoldase activity is a common underlying feature of this ubiquitous protein family.
The proteasome forms the core of the protein quality control system in archaea and eukaryotes and also occurs in one bacterial lineage, the Actinobacteria. Access to its proteolytic compartment is controlled by AAA ATPases, whose N-terminal domains (N domains) are thought to mediate substrate recognition. The N domains of an archaeal proteasomal ATPase,(More)
Bacterial transmembrane receptors regulate an intracellular catalytic output in response to extracellular sensory input. To investigate the conformational changes that relay the regulatory signal, we have studied the HAMP domain, a ubiquitous intracellular module connecting input to output domains. HAMP forms a parallel, dimeric, four-helical coiled coil,(More)