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Mice containing livers repopulated with human hepatocytes would provide excellent in vivo models for studies on human liver diseases and hepatotropic viruses, for which no permissive cell lines exist. Here, we report partial repopulation of the liver of immunodeficient urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA)/recombinant activation gene-2 (RAG-2) mice(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The limited availability of hepatitis Delta virus (HDV) infection models has hindered studies of interactions between HDV and infected hepatocytes. The aim was to investigate the antiviral state of HDV infected human hepatocytes in the setting of co-infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV) compared to HBV mono-infection using human liver(More)
A novel treatment for end-stage liver disease using heterotopic hepatocyte transplantation on biodegradable polymers has been investigated. Survival and repopulation of adequate cell mass to replace hepatic function has been the principal difficulty of this method. Hence the authors have begun to investigate the role of donor and recipient age on the(More)
UNLABELLED No specific drugs are currently available against hepatitis delta virus (HDV), a defective virus leading to the most severe form of chronic viral hepatitis in man. The lack of convenient HDV infection models has hampered the development of effective therapeutics. In this study, naïve and hepatitis B virus (HBV) chronically infected humanized(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatocyte transplantation using polymeric matrices is under investigation as an alternative therapy for metabolic liver diseases. Long-term engraftment of hepatocytes in polymers has been demonstrated. However, the metabolic activity of hepatocytes in such devices has never been assessed in direct comparison with liver grafts. METHODS(More)
Primary rat hepatocytes are a widely used experimental model to estimate drug metabolism and toxicity. In currently used two-dimensional (2D) cell culture systems, typical problems like morphological changes and the loss of liver cell-specific functions occur. We hypothesize that the use of polymer scaffolds could overcome these problems and support the(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Interferon (IFN)-α therapy is not effective for most patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection for reasons that are not clear. We investigated whether HBV infection reduced IFN-α-mediated induction of antiviral defense mechanisms in human hepatocytes. METHODS Human hepatocytes were injected into severe combined(More)
Our laboratory has investigated heterotopic hepatocyte transplantation on biodegradable polymer matrices as an experimental treatment for end-stage liver disease. One of the limitations has been survival of sufficient cell mass after transplantation. We hypothesize that in vitro conditioning of cells within polymer matrices prior to implantation may(More)
Hepatocyte transplantation using porous matrices is under investigation as an alternative therapy for certain liver diseases. For this purpose, long-term function of transplanted hepatocytes is mandatory. This problem has not been sufficiently investigated yet. In this study Lewis rats were used as donors and recipients. Stimulated (group A, portocaval(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Currently approved antivirals rarely cure hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Therefore additional therapeutic strategies interfering with other viral replication steps are needed. Using synthetic lipopeptides derived from the HBV envelope protein, we previously demonstrated prevention of de novo HBV infection in vivo. We aimed at(More)