Joerg Kreuzer

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BACKGROUND Specific reversal agents for non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants are lacking. Idarucizumab, an antibody fragment, was developed to reverse the anticoagulant effects of dabigatran. METHODS We undertook this prospective cohort study to determine the safety of 5 g of intravenous idarucizumab and its capacity to reverse the anticoagulant(More)
The atherogenic effect of the renin-angiotensin system can be explained, in part, by the influence of its effector, angiotensin II (Ang II), on vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) growth. There is evidence that reactive oxygen species (ROS) play a role in the atherogenesis and activation of mitogen-activating protein (MAP) kinases, which are involved in(More)
Oxygen-derived free radicals are thought to contribute to the initiation and progression of cardiovascular disease via several different mechanisms, such as consumption of nitric oxide, oxidation of proteins and lipids, and activation of redox-sensitive signalling cascades. Vascular NADPH oxidases are important sources of vascular radical formation. The(More)
BACKGROUND We recently identified agonistic autoantibodies directed against the angiotensin AT1 receptor (AT1-AA) in the plasma of preeclamptic women. To elucidate their role further, we studied the effects of AT1-AA on reactive oxygen species (ROS), NADPH oxidase expression, and nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation. METHODS AND RESULTS We(More)
Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) is a potent chemokine synthesized by several cell types, e.g., inflammatory cells, such as monocytes, and resident renal cells, such as human tubular epithelial cells (TECs). Besides induction of monocyte recruitment, MCP-1 has been suggested to induce non-leukocytes to produce cytokines and adhesion molecules.(More)
Inflammatory response and chemotaxis of vascular wall cells play an important pathogenic role in the development of atherosclerosis. Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) is a potent chemoattractant for monocytes. Besides the induction of monocyte recruitment, it has been suggested that MCP-1 may directly activate smooth muscle cells. We investigated(More)
Angiotensin (Ang) II promotes renal infiltration by immunocompetent cells in double-transgenic rats (dTGRs) harboring both human renin and angiotensinogen genes. To elucidate disease mechanisms, we investigated whether or not dexamethasone (DEXA) immunosuppression ameliorates renal damage. Untreated dTGRs developed hypertension, renal damage, and 50%(More)
Restenosis is the major obstacle interfering with a successful long-term outcome of balloon angioplasty. Neointima formation following endothelial injury is the result of phenotype modulation and proliferation of smooth muscle cells (SMC). To characterize these time-dependent changes, a rat balloon injury model of carotid artery restenosis was assessed. We(More)
BACKGROUND We studied whether lipid-lowering therapy with atorvastatin (target LDL cholesterol [LDL-C] <100 mg/dL) compared with a moderate treatment regimen that used other lipid-lowering drugs led to a lesser progression of atherosclerosis and to different changes in plaque echogenicity in patients with coronary artery disease. METHODS AND RESULTS This(More)
BACKGROUND We recently described autoantibodies (angiotensin-1 receptor autoantibodies, AT(1)-AA) directed at the AT(1) receptor in the serum of preeclamptic patients, whose placentas are commonly infarcted and express tissue factor (TF). Mechanisms of how AT(1)-AA might contribute to preeclampsia are unknown. We tested the hypothesis that AT(1)-AA cause(More)