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OBJECTIVE Inflammatory mechanisms are involved in atherosclerotic plaque rupture and subsequent thrombin formation. Thrombin not only plays a central role in thrombus formation and platelet activation, but also in the induction of inflammatory processes. We assessed the hypothesis that melagatran, a direct thrombin inhibitor, attenuates plaque progression(More)
Oxygen-derived free radicals are thought to contribute to the initiation and progression of cardiovascular disease via several different mechanisms, such as consumption of nitric oxide, oxidation of proteins and lipids, and activation of redox-sensitive signalling cascades. Vascular NADPH oxidases are important sources of vascular radical formation. The(More)
beta(3)-adrenoceptors have recently been shown to induce a complex modulation of intracellular signaling pathways including cyclic guanine monophosphate, cyclic adenosine monophosphate, nitric oxide, and protein kinases A and C. They are expressed in a broad variety of tissues including the myocardium, vascular smooth muscle, and endothelium. In those(More)
BACKGROUND Specific reversal agents for non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants are lacking. Idarucizumab, an antibody fragment, was developed to reverse the anticoagulant effects of dabigatran. METHODS We undertook this prospective cohort study to determine the safety of 5 g of intravenous idarucizumab and its capacity to reverse the anticoagulant(More)
We report comprehensive pathological studies of atheromatous lesions in various inbred mouse strains fed a high-fat, high-cholesterol diet and in two genetically engineered strains that develop spontaneous lesions on a low-fat chow diet. Coronary and aortic lesions were studied with respect to anatomic locations, lesion severity, calcification, and(More)
BACKGROUND We recently identified agonistic autoantibodies directed against the angiotensin AT1 receptor (AT1-AA) in the plasma of preeclamptic women. To elucidate their role further, we studied the effects of AT1-AA on reactive oxygen species (ROS), NADPH oxidase expression, and nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation. METHODS AND RESULTS We(More)
BACKGROUND We studied whether lipid-lowering therapy with atorvastatin (target LDL cholesterol [LDL-C] <100 mg/dL) compared with a moderate treatment regimen that used other lipid-lowering drugs led to a lesser progression of atherosclerosis and to different changes in plaque echogenicity in patients with coronary artery disease. METHODS AND RESULTS This(More)
BACKGROUND We recently described autoantibodies (angiotensin-1 receptor autoantibodies, AT(1)-AA) directed at the AT(1) receptor in the serum of preeclamptic patients, whose placentas are commonly infarcted and express tissue factor (TF). Mechanisms of how AT(1)-AA might contribute to preeclampsia are unknown. We tested the hypothesis that AT(1)-AA cause(More)
The atherogenic effect of the renin-angiotensin system can be explained, in part, by the influence of its effector, angiotensin II (Ang II), on vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) growth. There is evidence that reactive oxygen species (ROS) play a role in the atherogenesis and activation of mitogen-activating protein (MAP) kinases, which are involved in(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with atherosclerosis, hepatic hydroxymethylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase (CSE) inhibitors may reduce the activation of inflammation. Because Chlamydia pneumoniae infection has been linked to coronary artery disease through the induction of plaque inflammation, we investigated whether cerivastatin affects the infection rate of human(More)