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PURPOSE [corrected] It has recently been suggested that the poly(butylcyanoacrylate) (PBCA) nanoparticle drug delivery system has a generalized toxic effect on the blood-brain barrier (BBB) (8) and that this effect forms the basis of an apparent enhanced drug delivery to the brain. The purpose of this study is to explore more fully the mechanism by which(More)
The central nervous system is well protected by the blood-brain barrier (BBB) which maintains its homeostasis. Due to this barrier many potential drugs for the treatment of diseases of the central nervous system (CNS) cannot reach the brain in sufficient concentrations. One possibility to deliver drugs to the CNS is the employment of polymeric(More)
PURPOSE The possibility of using polysorbate 80-coated nanoparticles for the delivery of the water insoluble opioid agonist loperamide across the blood-brain barrier was investigated. The analgesic effect after i.v. injection of the preparations was used to indicate drug transport through this barrier. METHODS Loperamide was incorporated into PBCA(More)
Glioblastomas belong to the most aggressive human cancers with short survival times. Due to the blood-brain barrier, they are mostly inaccessible to traditional chemotherapy. We have recently shown that doxorubicin bound to polysorbate-coated nanoparticles crossed the intact blood-brain barrier, thus reaching therapeutic concentrations in the brain. Here,(More)
Human serum albumin (HSA) nanoparticles represent promising drug carrier systems. Binding of cytostatics to HSA nanoparticles may diminish their toxicity, optimise their body distribution and/or may overcome multidrug resistance. In the present study, doxorubicin-loaded HSA nanoparticle preparations were prepared. Doxorubicin was loaded to the HSA(More)
The blood--brain barrier (BBB) represents an insurmountable obstacle for a large number of drugs, including antibiotics, antineoplastic agents, and a variety of central nervous system (CNS)-active drugs, especially neuropeptides. One of the possibilities to overcome this barrier is a drug delivery to the brain using nanoparticles. Drugs that have(More)
Recent studies have shown that drugs that are normally unable to cross the blood-brain barrier (BBB) following intravenous injection can be transported across this barrier by binding to poly(butyl cyanoacrylate) nanoparticles and coating with polysorbate 80. However, the mechanism of this transport so far was not known. In the present paper, the possible(More)
Transport of the hexapeptide dalargin across the blood-brain barrier was accomplished using a nanoparticle formulation. The formulation consisted of dalargin bound to poly(butyl cyanoacrylate) nanoparticles by sorption, coated with polysorbate 80. Intravenous injection of this formulation to mice resulted in an analgesic effect. All controls, including a(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the possibility of delivering of anticancer drugs into the brain using colloidal carriers (nanoparticles). METHODS Rats obtained 5 mg/kg of doxorubicin by i.v. injection in form of 4 preparations: 1. a simple solution in saline, 2. a simple solution in polysorbate 80 1% in saline, 3. bound to poly(butyl cyanoacrylate) nanoparticles,(More)
Nanoparticles enable the delivery of a great variety of drugs including anticancer drugs, analgesics, anti-Alzheimer's drugs, cardiovascular drugs, protease inhibitors, and several macromolecules into the brain after intravenous injection of animals. The mechanism of the nanoparticle-mediated drug transport across the BBB appears to be receptor-mediated(More)