Joerg Kreuter

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The blood--brain barrier (BBB) represents an insurmountable obstacle for a large number of drugs, including antibiotics, antineoplastic agents, and a variety of central nervous system (CNS)-active drugs, especially neuropeptides. One of the possibilities to overcome this barrier is a drug delivery to the brain using nanoparticles. Drugs that have(More)
Human serum albumin (HSA) nanoparticles were manufactured by desolvation. Transferrin or transferrin receptor monoclonal antibodies (OX26 or R17217) were covalently coupled to the HSA nanoparticles using the NHS-PEG-MAL-5000 crosslinker. Loperamide was used as a model drug since it normally does not cross the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and was bound to the(More)
The central nervous system is well protected by the blood-brain barrier (BBB) which maintains its homeostasis. Due to this barrier many potential drugs for the treatment of diseases of the central nervous system (CNS) cannot reach the brain in sufficient concentrations. One possibility to deliver drugs to the CNS is the employment of polymeric(More)
Transport of the hexapeptide dalargin across the blood-brain barrier was accomplished using a nanoparticle formulation. The formulation consisted of dalargin bound to poly(butyl cyanoacrylate) nanoparticles by sorption, coated with polysorbate 80. Intravenous injection of this formulation to mice resulted in an analgesic effect. All controls, including a(More)
A new two-step desolvation method for manufacturing gelatin nanoparticles was developed. After the first desolvation step, the low molecular gelatin fractions present in the supernatant were removed by decanting. The high molecular fractions present in the sediment were redesolved and then desolvated again at pH 2.5 in the second step. The resulting(More)
Glioblastomas belong to the most aggressive human cancers with short survival times. Due to the blood-brain barrier, they are mostly inaccessible to traditional chemotherapy. We have recently shown that doxorubicin bound to polysorbate-coated nanoparticles crossed the intact blood-brain barrier, thus reaching therapeutic concentrations in the brain. Here,(More)
Drug delivery to the brain is becoming more and more important but is severely restricted by the blood-brain barrier. Nanoparticles coated with polysorbates have previously been shown to enable the transport of several drugs across the blood-brain barrier, which under normal circumstances is impermeable to these compounds. Apolipoprotein E was suggested to(More)
Nanoparticles enable the delivery of a great variety of drugs including anticancer drugs, analgesics, anti-Alzheimer's drugs, cardiovascular drugs, protease inhibitors, and several macromolecules into the brain after intravenous injection of animals. The mechanism of the nanoparticle-mediated drug transport across the BBB appears to be receptor-mediated(More)
Purpose. It has recently been suggested that the poly(butylcyanoacrylate) (PBCA) nanoparticle drug delivery system has a generalized toxic effect on the blood-brain barrier (BBB) (8) and that this effect forms the basis of an apparent enhanced drug delivery to the brain. The purpose of this study is to explore more fully the mechanism by which PBCA(More)
Poly(alkyl cyanoacrylate) nanoparticles enable the delivery of a number of drugs, including doxorubicin, loperamide, tubocurarine, the NMDA receptor antagonist MRZ 2/576, and the peptides dalargin and kytorphin across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) after coating with surfactants. However, only the surfactants polysorbate (Tween) 20, 40, 60 and 80, and some(More)