Joerg Koenig

Learn More
Organic anion transporting polypeptides (OATPs) mediate the uptake of a broad range of compounds into cells. Substrates for members of the OATP family include bile salts, hormones, and steroid conjugates as well as drugs like the HMG-CoA-reductase inhibitors (statins), cardiac glycosides, anticancer agents like methotrexate, and antibiotics like rifampicin.(More)
Macrolides may cause severe drug interactions due to the inhibition of metabolizing enzymes. Transporter-mediated uptake of drugs into cells [e.g., by members of the human organic anion transporting polypeptide (OATP) family] is a determinant of drug disposition and a prerequisite for subsequent metabolism. However whether macrolides are also inhibitors of(More)
Organic anion transporting polypeptides (OATPs, gene family: SLC21/SLCO) mediate the uptake of a broad range of substrates including several widely prescribed drugs into cells. Drug substrates for members of the human OATP family include HMG-CoA-reductase inhibitors (statins), antibiotics, anticancer agents, and cardiac glycosides. OATPs are expressed in a(More)
OBJECTIVES Genetic variability in hepatic uptake was recently shown to influence the disposition and cholesterol-lowering effects of statins. Ezetimibe, an inhibitor of the intestinal cholesterol uptake protein Niemann-Pick C 1 like 1, is another drug for which genetic polymorphisms of hepatic organic anion transporting polypeptides (OATPs) are expected to(More)
The organic cation transporter 2 (OCT2) provides an important pathway for the uptake of cationic compounds in the kidney, which is the essential step in their elimination from the organism. Although many drugs have been identified which interact with human OCT2, structural elements required for an interaction with OCT2 are not well defined. To address this(More)
Uptake and efflux transporters determine plasma and tissue concentrations of a broad variety of drugs. They are localized in organs such as small intestine, liver, and kidney, which are critical for drug absorption and elimination. Moreover, they can be found in important blood-tissue barriers such as the blood-brain barrier. Inhibition or induction of drug(More)
The transporter-mediated uptake of drugs from blood into hepatocytes is a prerequisite for intrahepatic drug action or intracellular drug metabolism before excretion. Therefore, uptake transporters, e.g., members of the organic anion transporting polypeptide (OATP) family are important determinants of drug pharmacokinetics. Highly and almost exclusively(More)
Uptake transporters in the basolateral membrane of hepatocytes are important for the hepatobiliary elimination of drugs. Further, since drug-metabolizing enzymes are located intracellularly, uptake into hepatocytes is a prerequisite for their subsequent metabolism. Therefore, alteration of uptake transporter function (e.g., by concomitantly administered(More)
Reduced expression of the Indy (I'm Not Dead, Yet) gene in D. melanogaster and its homolog in C. elegans prolongs life span and in D. melanogaster augments mitochondrial biogenesis in a manner akin to caloric restriction. However, the cellular mechanism by which Indy does this is unknown. Here, we report on the knockout mouse model of the mammalian Indy(More)
OBJECTIVE The uptake of drugs into hepatocytes is a key determinant for hepatic metabolism, intrahepatic action, their subsequent systemic plasma concentrations, and extrahepatic actions. In vitro and in vivo studies indicate that many drugs used for treatment of cardiovascular diseases (e.g., oral antidiabetic drugs, statins) are taken up into hepatocytes(More)