Joerg Glatzle

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INTRODUCTION Inflammation during systemic lipopolysaccharide (LPS) seems to be modulated by the CNS via afferent and efferent vagal pathways. We hypothesized that similar to systemic inflammation, local LPS in the gut lumen may also activate central neurons and aimed to identify potential molecular mechanisms. METHODS Male Wistar rats were equipped with(More)
C-fos protein expression was investigated in the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) in response to increasing cholecystokinin (CCK) doses and food intake in rats by counting the number of c-fos protein positive cells in the NTS. C-fos protein expression in the NTS dose-dependently increased in response to CCK, the lowest effective dose being 0.1 microg/kg.(More)
Brainstem neurones become activated following intestinal antigen challenge but the signalling mechanisms have not been resolved. Our aim was to determine the extent of brainstem activation after intestinal anaphylaxis induced by chicken egg albumin (EA). An increase in Fos-positive neurones in the nucleus tractus solitarius (nTS) was observed following EA(More)
CCK-A receptors and neurons of the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) are involved in the regulation of food intake, and in rats, there is evidence for involvement of an intestinal vagal afferent pathway. Studies investigating the role of CCK-A receptors in activation of NTS neurons using highly selective CCK-A receptor agonists and antagonists have(More)
Enteric and extrinsic sensory neurons respond to similar stimuli. Thus they may be activated in series or in parallel. Because signal transmission via synapses or mediator release would depend on calcium, we investigated its role for extrinsic afferent sensitivity to chemical and mechanical stimulation. Extracellular multiunit afferent recordings were made(More)
INTRODUCTION Visceral hypersensitivity in the upper gastrointestinal tract is a potential pathomechanism of functional dyspepsia. The herbal preparation STW 5 (Iberogast) provides symptomatic relief for this condition. We aimed to investigate whether STW 5 modulates intestinal afferent sensitivity. METHODS The herbal preparation STW 5 or vehicle (30.8%(More)
Intestinal anaphylaxis triggers neuronal activation in the nucleus tractus solitarius (nTS) of the rat brain stem. Stress may modulate reflex circuitry in the brain stem and facilitate intestinal inflammatory responses. We hypothesized that stress would modulate central neuronal activation during intestinal anaphylaxis. NTS neurons were activated following(More)
BACKGROUND Our aim was to explore unknown changes in neurotransmission with vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) and Substance P (Sub P) during postoperative ileus (POI). METHODS Contractile activity of rat circular jejunal muscle strips was studied in five groups (n = 6/group): Naïve controls, sham controls 12 h and 3 days after laparotomy, and rats 12 h,(More)
INTRODUCTION Several cholecystokinin (CCK) forms have been detected in plasma, but most studies on food intake investigated the effects of CCK-8 only. Recently, it has been demonstrated that CCK-58 is the only endocrine-active form of CCK in rats. METHODS CCK-58 was synthesized with a peptide synthesizer using FMOC chemistry and CCK-58 effects on food(More)