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Structural deformations of lipid hybrid bilayer membranes induced by signal peptideless (SPL) proteins have been studied for the first time using the inherently surface specific nonlinear optical technique of sum frequency generation vibrational spectroscopy. Specifically, deformations of 1,2-distearoylphosphatidylglycerol(DSPG) membranes induced by(More)
Neutron reflectivity experiments conducted on self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) against polar (water) and nonpolar (organic) liquid phases reveal further evidence for a density reduction at hydrophobic-hydrophilic interfaces. The density depletion is found at the interface between hydrophobic dodecanethiol (C12) and hexadecanethiol (C16) SAMs and water and(More)
Surface-grafted, environmentally responsive polymers have shown great promise for controlling adsorption and desorption of macromolecules and cells on solid surfaces. In the paper, we demonstrate that certain mixed self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of oligo(ethylene glycol) (OEG) and methyl-terminated alkanethiolates on gold form surfaces with switchable(More)
Vibrational sum-frequency generation (VSFG) was used to investigate the conformational changes in self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of (1-mercaptoundec-11-yl) hexa(ethylene glycol) monomethylether (EG6-OMe) on gold when exposed to liquid water. VSFG spectra of the EG6-OMe SAMs were recorded before, during, and after exposure of the films to water and after a(More)
The swelling behavior of alkanethiol-terminated poly(ethylene glycol) with an average molecular weight of 2180 Da (i.e., approximately 45 ethylene glycol, EG, units) in contact with water was investigated by neutron reflectometry as a function of the morphology of the PEG-SH layer. Amorphous films at a low grafting density show significant swelling with an(More)
Self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of omega-substituted biphenylthiolates (omega-MBP) on gold were characterized by spectral ellipsometry, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy (IRRAS), and vibrational sum frequency generation spectroscopy (VSFG). The vibrational studies of the SAMs were supported by an ab initio(More)
(T-AmNS)NTP molecules (nuc[eoside-5"-friphosphoro-T-1-(5-sutfonic acid) naphfhy[amidafes) are we[[ suited substrates for RNA-po[ymerases and phosphodiesferase. In both cases, the liberation of the pyrophosphatemoieties of the l-amino-naphfha[ene-5-su[fonafe,(AmNS)PP i, [eads to an increase of the fluorescence quantum yield. This is especia[[y pronounced in(More)
We report a study on the interaction of the extracellular domain of trans-membrane proteins N-cadherin and L1 with nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA)-terminated self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) grown on silver and gold surfaces. Quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) and reflection absorption infrared spectroscopy (RAIRS) measurements reveal that upon addition of(More)
Model cellular membranes enable the study of biological processes in a controlled environment and reduce the traditional challenges associated with live or fixed cell studies. However, model membrane systems based on the air/water or oil/solution interface do not allow for incorporation of transmembrane proteins or for the study of protein transport(More)
Fluorescence studies of the intramolecular and intermolecular interactions between aminonaphthylsulfonate and nucleotides of uracil or adenine are described. The fluorescence originates solely from the naphthyl moiety and is intramolecularly quenched by the base, uracil being more effective than adenine. The enzymatic splitting of the molecule into a(More)
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