Joerg Faulhaber

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K-Cl co-transporters are encoded by four homologous genes and may have roles in transepithelial transport and in the regulation of cell volume and cytoplasmic chloride. KCC3, an isoform mutated in the human Anderman syndrome, is expressed in brain, epithelia and other tissues. To investigate the physiological functions of KCC3, we disrupted its gene in(More)
The effect of cardiac hypertrophy on electrocardiogram (ECG), action potential duration (APD) and repolarizing K+ currents was investigated in epicardial, midmyocardial and endocardial myocytes isolated from the rat left ventricular free wall. Cardiac hypertrophy was induced by stenosis of the ascending aorta (AS), which led to an increased pressure load(More)
Large-conductance potassium (BK) channels in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) sense both changes in membrane potential and in intracellular Ca(2+) concentration. BK channels may serve as negative feedback regulators of vascular tone by linking membrane depolarization and local increases in intracellular Ca(2+) concentration (Ca(2+) sparks) to(More)
BACKGROUND We previously demonstrated that therapy with a new endothelin A receptor antagonist (ET-RA) significantly reduced mortality rates in severe acute pancreatitis (AP) in the rat without attenuating local signs of disease severity (intrapancreatic protease activation, acinar cell necrosis). This raised the question as to why ET-RA was so effective.(More)
Endothelin-1 has been shown to reduce pancreatic blood flow and cause focal acinar cell necrosis similar to those seen in acute pancreatitis (AP), whereas therapy with endothelin receptor antagonists enhanced pancreatic capillary blood flow (PCBF) and decreased mortality rates. The current study evaluated the role of endothelin in the development of severe(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of a new endothelin receptor antagonist (ET-RA) on the course of severe experimental pancreatitis. BACKGROUND Endothelin-1 has been shown to reduce regional blood flow in various organs, including the pancreas, and to aggravate cerulein-induced mild pancreatitis. METHODS Acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP) was induced(More)
BACKGROUND Capillary leakage with fluid loss into the third space contributes to many of the early systemic complications in severe acute pancreatitis. There has been increasing interest in endothelin as one of the factors affecting capillary permeability. AIM To elucidate further the role of endothelin in the development of capillary leakage in acute(More)
Autonomic cardiovascular control was characterized in conscious, chronically catheterized mice by spectral analysis of arterial pressure (AP) and heart rate (HR) during autonomic blockade or baroreflex modulation of autonomic tone. Both spectra were similar to those obtained in humans, but at approximately 10x higher frequencies. The 1/f relation of the AP(More)
In isolated cardiac myocytes, the direct effects of angiotensin II on cellular growth and gene expression were shown to be mediated by endothelin via the endothelin subtype A (ETA) receptor. To determine whether this pathway is also involved in the cardiovascular adaptations to a chronic activation of the renin-angiotensin system in vivo, the effects of a(More)
Efficient strategies for labelling and delivery of bone marrow derived stem cells (BMCs) are required to elucidate the cellular kinetics and therapeutic effects after BMC transfer for myocardial infarction (MI). Lineage negative (lin−) BMCs, labelled ex vivo in a simple procedure with the cell tracker dye tetramethyl-rhodamine (TAMRA), were reliably(More)