Joerg Christian Tonn

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Gliomas, a type of devastating primary brain tumors, are distinct from other solid, non-neural primary neoplasms, in that they display extensive infiltrative invasive behavior but seldom metastasize to distant organs. This invasiveness into the surrounding normal brain tissue makes gliomas a major challenge for clinical intervention. Total surgical(More)
BACKGROUND Brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a potent survival factor for motoneurons. This study investigated the safety and tolerability of recombinant methionyl human BDNF (r-metHuBDNF) infused intrathecally by means of an implanted pump in patients with ALS. METHODS Twenty-five patients with probable or definite ALS were treated with either(More)
BACKGROUND We analyzed prospectively whether MGMT (O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase) mRNA expression gains prognostic/predictive impact independent of MGMT promoter methylation in malignant glioma patients undergoing radiotherapy with concomitant and adjuvant temozolomide or temozolomide alone. As DNA-methyltransferases (DNMTs) are the enzymes(More)
Supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumours (sPNETs) are malignant central nervous system tumours of childhood which are histologically characterized by poorly differentiated neuroepithelial cells with the capacity for divergent differentiation into glial, neuronal, myogenic or melanotic lines. The histological differential diagnosis between sPNET and(More)
Laminin is a component of the extracellular matrix (ECM) that regulates cell proliferation and hormone secretion. Here we describe the effects of laminin on prolactin secretion in normal and tumor cells and analyze laminin expression pattern during prolactinoma development. Prolactin secretion and cell proliferation were inhibited by laminin in GH3 cells.(More)
OBJECTIVE Retinoids are known to exhibit a broad spectrum of biological activities, and they participate in the onset of differentiation and the inhibition of growth in a wide variety of cancer cells. Some of these vitamin A derivatives are already in clinical use. However, data on retinoid actions in glial tumors are rather sparse. Therefore, we studied(More)
Molecular imaging studies have recently found inter- and intratumoral heterogeneity in World Health Organization (WHO) grade II gliomas. A correlative analysis with tumor histology, however, is still lacking. For elucidation we conducted the current prospective study. Fifty-five adult patients with an MRI-based suspicion of a WHO grade II glioma were(More)
Medulloblastoma (MB) represents the most frequent malignant brain tumor in children. Most MBs appear sporadically; however, their incidence is highly elevated in two inherited tumor predisposition syndromes, Gorlin's and Turcot's syndrome. The genetic defects responsible for these diseases have been identified. Whereas Gorlin's syndrome patients carry(More)
The aim of the study was to assess the differential intra- and intertumoral heterogeneity and patterns of matrix metalloproteinase expression in human glioblastomas in vivo. 12 glioblastoma samples were analyzed for MMP expression by semi-quantitative RT-PCR. A total of 56 samples (8 adjoining regions of 6 glioblastoma tumors) were immunohistochemically(More)