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Long-term potentiation (LTP) is the most prominent model for the molecular and cellular mechanisms of learning and memory. Two main forms of LTP have been distinguished. The N-methyl-D-aspartate-receptor-dependent forms of LTP have been studied most extensively, whereas much less is known about N-methyl-D-aspartate-receptor-independent forms of LTP. This(More)
It has been suggested recently that presynaptic kainate receptors (KARs) are involved in short-term and long-term synaptic plasticity at hippocampal mossy fiber synapses. Using genetic deletion and pharmacology, we here assess the role of GLU(K5) and GLU(K6) in synaptic plasticity at hippocampal mossy fiber synapses. We found that the kainate-induced(More)
Hippocampal mossy fiber synapses show an unusual form of long-term potentiation (LTP) that is independent of NMDA receptor activation and is expressed presynaptically. Using receptor antagonists, as well as receptor knockout mice, we found that presynaptic kainate receptors facilitate the induction of mossy fiber long-term potentiation (LTP), although they(More)
cAMP is a critical second messenger involved in synaptic transmission and synaptic plasticity. Here, we show that activation of the adenylyl cyclase by forskolin and application of the cAMP-analog Sp-5,6-DCl-cBIMPS both mimicked and occluded tetanus-induced long-term potentiation (LTP) in subicular bursting neurons, but not in subicular regular firing(More)
Neurotransmission depends on the exocytic fusion of synaptic vesicles (SVs) and their subsequent reformation either by clathrin-mediated endocytosis or budding from bulk endosomes. How synapses are able to rapidly recycle SVs to maintain SV pool size, yet preserve their compositional identity, is poorly understood. We demonstrate that deletion of the(More)
Plasticity related gene-1 (PRG-1) is a brain-specific membrane protein related to lipid phosphate phosphatases, which acts in the hippocampus specifically at the excitatory synapse terminating on glutamatergic neurons. Deletion of prg-1 in mice leads to epileptic seizures and augmentation of EPSCs, but not IPSCs. In utero electroporation of PRG-1 into(More)
The tetronic acid derivative losigamone is a new anticonvulsant drug with a mechanism of action that was previously unknown. The drug decreases the frequency of spontaneous action potentials and suppresses repetitive firing of neurons. Here we tested the hypothesis that losigamone suppresses the persistent Na+ current (I(NaP)) in hippocampal neurons of rat(More)
Epileptiform activity induced by 4-AP in hippocampal area CA1 is characterised by short recurrent discharges. These are occasionally superimposed by slow field potential (fp) shifts. Simultaneous recordings of fps and [K(+)](o) in area CA1 and temporal cortex showed a slow fp shift in both regions, but associated rises in [K(+)](o) occurred only in the(More)
The modulation of synaptic transmission by presynaptic ionotropic and metabotropic receptors is an important means to control and dynamically adjust synaptic strength. Even though synaptic transmission and plasticity at the hippocampal mossy fibre synapse are tightly controlled by presynaptic receptors, little is known about the downstream signalling(More)
Epileptic syndromes frequently start at childhood and therefore it is crucial to test new anticonvulsants at immature stages of the nervous system. We compared the effects of the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) uptake inhibitor tiagabine [(R)-N-(4, 4-bis(3-methyl-2-thienyl)but)3-en-1-yl nipecotic acid] on low-Mg(2+)-induced epileptic discharges in brain(More)