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The syndecans are transmembrane proteoglycans that place structurally heterogeneous heparan sulfate chains at the cell surface and a highly conserved polypeptide in the cytoplasm. Their versatile heparan sulfate moieties support various processes of molecular recognition, signaling, and trafficking. Here we report the identification of a protein that binds(More)
Syntenin is an adaptor-like molecule that binds to the cytoplasmic domains of all four vertebrate syndecans. Syntenin-syndecan binding involves the C-terminal part of syntenin that contains a tandem of PDZ domains. Here we provide evidence that each PDZ domain of syntenin can interact with a syndecan. Isolated or combined mutations of the carboxylate(More)
Syntenin is a PDZ protein that binds the cytoplasmic C-terminal FYA motif of the syndecans. Syntenin is widely expressed. In cell fractionation experiments, syntenin partitions between the cytosol and microsomes. Immunofluorescence microscopy localizes endogenous and epitope-tagged syntenin to cell adhesion sites, microfilaments, and the nucleus. Syntenin(More)
Over the past decades evidence has been accumulating that intestinal barrier integrity loss plays a key role in the development and perpetuation of a variety of disease states including inflammatory bowel disease and celiac disease, and is a key player in the onset of sepsis and multiple organ failure in situations of intestinal hypoperfusion, including(More)
BACKGROUND Tight junction breakdown, with loss of the important sealing protein claudin-3, is an early event in the development of intestinal damage. Therefore, noninvasive analysis of intestinal tight junction status could be helpful in early detection of intestinal injury. AIM To investigate the usefulness of urinary claudin-3 as marker for intestinal(More)
Physical exercise places high demands on the adaptive capacity of the human body. Strenuous physical performance increases the blood supply to active muscles, cardiopulmonary system, and skin to meet the altered demands for oxygen and nutrients. The redistribution of blood flow, necessary for such an increased blood supply to the periphery, significantly(More)
Human intestinal ischemia-reperfusion (IR) is a frequent phenomenon carrying high morbidity and mortality. Although intestinal IR-induced inflammation has been studied extensively in animal models, human intestinal IR induced inflammatory responses remain to be characterized. Using a newly developed human intestinal IR model, we show that human small(More)
The gene encoding the acidic ribosomal protein L45 in yeast is expressed coordinately with other rp-genes. The promoter region of this gene harbours binding sites for CP1 and ABF1. We demonstrate that the CP1-site is not involved in the transcription activation of the L45-gene. Rather, the ABF1-site, through deviating from the consensus sequence(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS In the intestine, Paneth cells participate in the innate immune response. Their highly secretory function makes them susceptible to environmental conditions that cause endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. We investigated whether intestinal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) induces ER stress, thereby activating the unfolded protein response (UPR),(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Ischemia-reperfusion injury is inevitable during intestinal transplantation and can negatively affect the transplant outcome. Here, an overview is provided of the recent advances in the pathophysiological mechanisms of intestinal ischemia-reperfusion injury and how this may impact graft survival. RECENT FINDINGS The intestine hosts a(More)