Joelle M-J Romac

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BACKGROUND Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) has a high risk of pancreatitis although the underlying mechanisms are unclear. Transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) is a cation channel expressed on C and Adelta fibres of primary sensory neurons and is activated by low pH. TRPV1 activation causes release of inflammatory mediators(More)
To evaluate whether ATP in bile serves as a signaling factor regulating ductular secretion, voltage-clamp studies were performed using a novel normal rat cholangiocyte (NRC) model. In the presence of amiloride (100 microM) to block Na+ channels, exposure of the apical membrane to ATP significantly increased the short-circuit current (Isc) from 18.2 +/- 5.9(More)
IL-1β is believed to play a pathogenic role in the development of pancreatitis. Expression of human IL-1β in pancreatic acinar cells produces chronic pancreatitis, characterized by extensive intrapancreatic inflammation, atrophy, and fibrosis. To determine if activation of trypsinogen is important in the pathogenesis of chronic pancreatitis in this model,(More)
Endogenous trypsin inhibitors are synthesized, stored, and secreted by pancreatic acinar cells. It is believed that they play a protective role in the pancreas by inhibiting trypsin within the cell should trypsinogen become prematurely activated. Rodent trypsin inhibitors are highly homologous to human serine protease inhibitor Kazal-type 1 (SPINK1). The(More)
BACKGROUND Regular gall bladder contraction reduces bile stasis and prevents gallstone formation. Intraduodenal administration of exogenous pancreatic secretory trypsin inhibitor-I (PSTI-I, also known as monitor peptide) causes cholecystokinin (CCK) secretion. DESIGN We proposed that stimulation of CCK release by PSTI would produce gall bladder(More)
125I-monitor peptide binding was performed using frozen sections of the rat liver and gut and visualized using autoradiography. Saturable binding was observed in unidentified single cells in the liver and in the mucosa of the small intestine. Epidermal growth factor (EGF) and GTPgammaS did not inhibit 125I-monitor peptide binding indicating that the binding(More)
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