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Purpose. To classify the dissolution and diffusion rate-limited drugs and establish quantitative relationships between absorption and molecular descriptors. Methods. Absorption consists of kinetic transit processes in which dissolution, diffusion, or perfusion processes can become the rate-limited step. The absorption data of 238 drugs have been classified(More)
The absorption of 111 drug and drug-like compounds was evaluated from 111 references based on the ratio of urinary excretion of drugs following oral and intravenous administration to intact rats and biliary excretion of bile duct-cannulated rats. Ninety-eight drug compounds for which both human and rat absorption data were available were selected for(More)
In order to investigate whether the main step in intestinal absorption in humans is dominated by partition or by diffusion, we have transformed % human intestinal absorption into a first-order rate constant, and have regressed the latter, as logk, against our solvation parameters. The obtained regression coefficients are compared with those for diffusion(More)
The study of protein target families, as opposed to single targets, has become a very powerful tool in chemogenomics-led drug discovery. By integrating comprehensive chemoinformatics and bioinformatics databases with customised analytical tools, a 'Toolkit' approach for the target family is possible, thus allowing predictions of the ligand class, affinity,(More)
Optimization of lead compound 1, through extensive use of structure-based design and a focus on PI3Kδ potency, isoform selectivity, and inhaled PK properties, led to the discovery of clinical candidates 2 (GSK2269557) and 3 (GSK2292767) for the treatment of respiratory indications via inhalation. Compounds 2 and 3 are both highly selective for PI3Kδ over(More)
Antagonism of αvβ6 is emerging as a potential treatment of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis based on strong target validation. Starting from an αvβ3 antagonist lead and through simple variation in the nature and position of the aryl substituent, the discovery of compounds with improved αvβ6 activity is described. The compounds also have physicochemical(More)
MAPKAPK5 has been proposed to play a role in regulation of matrix metalloprotease expression and so to be a potential target for intervention in rheumatoid arthritis. We present here the identification of a series of compounds against this target which are effective in both biochemical and cell assays. The expansion of the series is described, along with(More)
A novel class of mitogen-activated protein kinase-activated protein kinase 2 (MAPKAP-K2) inhibitors was discovered through screening a kinase-focused library. A homology model of MAPKAP-K2 was generated and used to guide the initial SAR studies and to rationalize the observed selectivity over CDK2. An X-ray crystal structure of a compound from the active(More)
There is a requirement for efficacious and safe medicines to treat diseases with high unmet need. The resurgence in av RGD integrin inhibitor drug discovery is poised to contribute to this requirement. However, drug discovery in the av integrin space is notoriously difficult due to the receptors being structurally very similar as well as the polar(More)
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