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Fishes, unlike most other vertebrate groups, continue to add sensory hair cells to their ears for much of their lives. However, it is not clear whether the addition ever stops or how the addition of sensory cells impacts hearing ability. In this article, we tested both questions using the zebrafish, Danio rerio. Our results not only have important(More)
Sensory hair cells from the striolar region (striolar hair cells) of the utricle and the lagena of the ear of a teleost fish Astronotus ocellatus (Cuvier) ear are sensitive to gentamicin sulphate, an ototoxic drug. In contrast, sensory hair cells from outside the striolar region (extra-striolar hair cells) are not sensitive to gentamicin. These data,(More)
The organization of retinofugal projections was studied in a cichlid fish by labelling small groups of retinal ganglion cell axons with either horseradish peroxidase or cobaltous lysine. Two major findings resulted from these experiments. First, optic tract axons show a greater degree of pathway diversity than was previously appreciated, and this pathway(More)
The ultrastructure of S-phase cells in the postembryonic fish ear was compared with that of mature support cells. S-phase cells were identified by injecting animals with [3H]thymidine and sacrificing 3 h later. Sensory epithelia (saccules, utricles, and canals) were processed for light-level autoradiography. Sections containing thymidine-labeled cells were(More)
Using two S phase markers, we determined the cell-cycle behavior of inner ear supporting cells from two species, the chicken and the oscar. The results indicate that chicken utricular supporting cells divide once and do not return to the cell cycle for at least 7 days. In contrast, supporting cell progeny in the oscar saccule return to S phase after 5 days.(More)
Cell proliferation and hair cell addition have not been studied in the ears of otophysan fish, a group of species who have specialized hearing capabilities. In this study we used the mitotic S-phase marker bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) to identify proliferating cells in the ear of one otophysan species, Carassius auratus (the goldfish). Animals were sacrificed(More)
The sources of new hair cells, support cells, and Schwann cells were identified in the statoacoustic end organs of normal post-embryonic fish (Astronotus ocellatus). S-phase cells, defined as cells that take up 3H-thymidine in preparation for mitosis, and their progeny were visualized using autoradiography. Two types of S-phase cells were found:(More)
We used the bromodeoxyuridine technique to study the proliferative activity in the basilar papilla of normal and Belgian Waterslager canaries with and without preceding sound trauma. Without sound trauma, there were, on average, six supporting cell divisions per day in the basilar papilla of Waterslager canaries. This rate of supporting cell proliferation(More)
Certain hair cells of fish exhibit strong immunoreactivity to an S-100 antibody. By their spatial locations in the utricle and saccule, these hair cells appear to possess a relatively short kinocilium and a roughly ovoid cell shape. In the utricle, these cells are predominantly located in the striola. In the saccule, these cells are found within the central(More)
Saccular eighth nerve arbors were examined in the cichlid fish Astronotus ocellatus to determine if their morphology varies with saccular location. The saccule was divided into four regions: rostral-central, rostral-peripheral, caudal-central, caudal-peripheral. Arbors were filled with cobaltous-lysine. Axon diameter, maximum arbor width, and number of(More)