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PURPOSE Medulloblastoma is the most common malignant brain tumor of childhood. After treatment with surgery and radiation therapy, approximately 60% of children with medulloblastoma are alive and free of progressive disease 5 years after diagnosis, but many have significant neurocognitive sequelae. This study was undertaken to determine the feasibility and(More)
PURPOSE The optimal management of craniopharyngiomas remains controversial, especially in children and young adults. This study reports a single institution's experience with such patients. METHODS AND MATERIALS Between 1974 and 2001, 76 patients were treated for craniopharyngioma at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and the Hospital of University(More)
Controversial issues relating to the pathobiology and classification of central nervous system primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNETs) have plagued neuropathologists for more than 70 years. Hypotheses advanced in the mid-1920's have remained as fixed concepts in contemporary literature, largely consequent to repetitious support by a small number of(More)
Thirty-six pediatric patients (ages 0.8-16.8 years) with recurrent intracranial ependymoma were treated for a total of 52 separate cases of relapse from 1970 to 1989. Therapy consisted of surgery in 33 cases and chemotherapy in 38 cases. Twelve patients received radiation at the time of first relapse, and five of these 12 who had initially been treated with(More)
Between 1975 and 1989, 45 children with newly diagnosed intracranial ependymomas were treated at the authors' institution. Patients were managed with aggressive surgical resection, followed by postoperative CT or MRI scans to evaluate the extent of resection. Most patients received involved-field radiation therapy, however 10 were treated with craniospinal(More)
It has previously been reported in a single-institution trial that progression-free survival of children with medulloblastoma treated with radiotherapy and 1-(2-chloroethyl)-3-cyclohexyl-1-nitrosourea (CCNU), cisplatin, and vincristine chemotherapy during and after radiotherapy was better than the outcome in children treated with radiotherapy alone. To(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate response rate, event-free survival (EFS), and toxicity of two chemotherapeutic regimens for treatment of children younger than 36 months with malignant brain tumors and to estimate control intervals without irradiation in children with no residual tumor after initial surgery and induction chemotherapy and with delayed irradiation in(More)
PURPOSE Decline in intelligence can occur after whole-brain cranial irradiation for childhood malignancy. The purpose of this analysis was to estimate better the impact of dose and age at time of irradiation on IQ decline. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 48 children were studied. We combined two previously reported studies that included 15 patients with(More)
Between 1970 and 1988, 51 children with intracranial ependymal tumors (33-infratentorial, 18-supratentorial received initial treatment at the University of Pennsylvania. Therapy consisted of total or near total tumor resection in 15 patients and partial resection or biopsy in 36. Postoperative irradiation alone was given to 18, chemotherapy to 4, and a(More)
The feasibility of radical surgery for astrocytomas of the optic chiasm/hypothalamus has been reported by several groups. Such surgery carries significant risks, however, including permanent damage to the pituitary gland, optic apparatus, hypothalamic structures, and carotid arteries. The benefits of radical surgery, both in terms of efficacy and toxicity,(More)