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PURPOSE The primary treatment modality for patients with carcinoma of the esophagus or gastroesophageal junction has been surgery, although primary radiation therapy with concurrent chemotherapy produces similar results. As both have curative potential, there has been great interest in the use of trimodality therapy. To this end, we compared survival,(More)
Between May 1975 and April 1981, 43 adult patients with high-grade soft tissue sarcomas of the extremities were prospectively randomized to receive either amputation at or above the joint proximal to the tumor, including all involved muscle groups, or to receive a limb-sparing resection plus adjuvant radiation therapy. The limb-sparing resection group(More)
Thirty-five patients with surgically resected sarcomas of the retroperitoneum were enrolled in a prospective, randomized, clinical trial comparing 20-Gy intraoperative radiotherapy in combination with postoperative low-dose (35- to 40-Gy) external-beam radiotherapy with postoperative high-dose (50- to 55-Gy) external-beam radiotherapy alone. Chemotherapy(More)
PURPOSE To study the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and rates of sphincter-preserving operations, overall survival, cancer recurrence, and treatment-related toxicities in patients with rectal cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS We evaluated a nested cohort of 1,688 patients with stage II and III rectal cancer participating in a randomized trial of(More)
Hepatocelluar carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary malignancy of the liver in adults and the third most common cause of cancer death worldwide. The incidence of HCC in the United States is rising steadily because of the prevalence of hepatitis C viral infection and other causes of hepatic cirrhosis. The majority of patients have underlying hepatic(More)
To improve local control and survival in patients with primary locally advanced rectal and rectosigmoid carcinoma, intraoperative electron beam radiation therapy (IORT) has been used with a combination of moderate- to high-dose preoperative radiation therapy and surgical resection. Sixty-five patients underwent resection with the intention of using IORT if(More)
Late gastrointestinal complications of radiation therapy have been recognized but not extensively studied. In this paper, the late effects of radiation on three gastrointestinal sites, the esophagus, the stomach, and the bowel, are described. Esophageal dysmotility and benign stricture following esophageal irradiation are predominantly a result of damage to(More)
CONTEXT Pelvic fractures, including hip fractures, are a major source of morbidity and mortality in older women. Although therapeutic pelvic irradiation could increase the risk of such fractures, this effect has not been studied. OBJECTIVE To determine if women who undergo pelvic irradiation for pelvic malignancies (anal, cervical, or rectal cancers) have(More)
PURPOSE To determine the maximum-tolerated dose, dose-limiting toxicities, and potential antitumor activity of twice-weekly gemcitabine and concurrent radiation in patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS Nineteen patients with histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the pancreas were studied at the Wake Forest University(More)