Learn More
A general assumption underlying auditory scene analysis is that the initial grouping of acoustic elements is independent of attention. The effects of attention on auditory stream segregation were investigated by recording event-related potentials (ERPs) while participants either attended to sound stimuli and indicated whether they heard one or two streams(More)
Relatively little is known about the dynamics of auditory cortical rhythm processing using non-invasive methods, partly because resolving responses to events in patterns is difficult using long-latency auditory neuroelectric responses. We studied the relationship between short-latency gamma-band (20-60 Hz) activity (GBA) and the structure of rhythmic tone(More)
Older adults exhibit degraded speech comprehension in complex sound environments, which may be related to overall age-related declines in low-level sound segregation. This hypothesis was tested by measuring event-related potentials (ERPs) while listeners identified two different vowels presented simultaneously. Older adults were less accurate than young(More)
Auditory stream segregation (or streaming) is a phenomenon in which 2 or more repeating sounds differing in at least 1 acoustic attribute are perceived as 2 or more separate sound sources (i.e., streams). This article selectively reviews psychophysical and computational studies of streaming and comprehensively reviews more recent neurophysiological studies(More)
Learning perceptual skills is characterized by rapid improvements in performance within the first hour of training (fast perceptual learning) followed by more gradual improvements that take place over several daily practice sessions (slow perceptual learning). Although it is widely accepted that slow perceptual learning is accompanied by enhanced stimulus(More)
The experience of musical rhythm is a remarkable psychophysical phenomenon, in part because the perception of periodicities, namely pulse and meter, arise from stimuli that are not periodic. One possible function of such a transformation is to enable synchronization between individuals through perception of a common abstract temporal structure (e.g., during(More)
The authors examined the effect of preceding context on auditory stream segregation. Low tones (A), high tones (B), and silences (-) were presented in an ABA- pattern. Participants indicated whether they perceived 1 or 2 streams of tones. The A tone frequency was fixed, and the B tone was the same as the A tone or had 1 of 3 higher frequencies. Perception(More)
OBJECTIVE We measured the influences of power and phase modulations of neuroelectric activity on auditory responses to pure-tone patterns with inter-onset intervals typical of music. METHODS Tones were presented to 8 subjects at 10 different tempos from 150 to 3125 ms and with random intervals. We quantified time-frequency (TF) power with respect to a(More)
Emotion perception deficits are a well-established feature of schizophrenia (SZ). Individuals with SZ have difficulty labeling emotional stimuli across auditory, visual, and audio-visual modalities and also misattribute threat towards neutral stimuli. The relationship between a history of psychosis and similar abnormalities in bipolar disorder (BD) is less(More)
Change deafness is the inability of listeners to detect changes occurring in their auditory environment. It is a matter of some debate whether change deafness occurs because of a failure of auditory-specific processes or a failure of more general semantic/verbal memory. To address this issue, we measured event-related potentials (ERPs) to pairs of scenes(More)