Joel R Leininger

Learn More
Formaldehyde induces nonlinear, concentration-related increases in nasal epithelial cell proliferation and squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) in rats. A formaldehyde carcinogenicity study was conducted in which a major end point was correlation of cell proliferation indices with sites of formaldehyde-induced SCC. A poor correlation in certain sites led to(More)
Diet contributes to over one-third of cancer deaths in the Western world, yet the factors in the diet that influence cancer are not elucidated. A reduction in caloric intake dramatically slows cancer progression in rodents, and this may be a major contribution to dietary effects on cancer. Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) is lowered during dietary(More)
Chloroform acts via a nongenotoxic-cytotoxic mode of action to produce cancer if given in doses and at dose rates sufficiently high to produce organ-specific toxicity. In a recent study, chloroform failed to induce cancer in male or female F-344 rats when administered by inhalation for 2 years at 90 ppm, 5 days/week. The present study was undertaken to(More)
High doses of chloroform induced liver cancer in male and female B6C3F1 mice when administered by gavage, kidney cancer in male Osborne-Mendel rats when given by gavage or in the drinking water, and kidney cancer in male BDF1 mice when administered by inhalation. The weight of evidence indicates that chloroform is acting through a nongenotoxic-cytotoxic(More)
The influence of exercise training on the resting caudal arterial blood pressures (RBP) of hypertensive rats is unclear despite numerous investigations by different investigators. To determine whether RBP values were influenced by the intensity and the initial age of the animal at the time of training, several studies were undertaken that involved more than(More)
Weanling F344 rats, which were fed a diet containing 10% chrysotile (B), were studied over their life-time to determine the effects of ingested asbestos on the colon. Control groups consisted of rats fed a diet containing a 10% nonnutritive cellulose or a standard laboratory rat diet. The pathological findings in the colons of 501 rats (189 on asbestos(More)
The glutathione and cysteine conjugates of the nephrotoxin chlorotrifluoroethene, S-(2-chloro-1,1,2-trifluoroethyl)glutathione (CTFG) and S-(2-chloro-1,1,2-trifluoroethyl)cysteine (CTFC), are potent nephrotoxins in male rats. Morphological changes in the kidneys were observed 1.5 hr after giving 100 mumol/kg of CTFG (i.v.), and severe damage to the proximal(More)
Chloroform (TCM), a water disinfection by-product, induced liver tumors in female mice when administered by gavage in corn oil but not when given in drinking water at comparable daily doses. Because short-term studies showed that the gavage doses also induced liver toxicity, it has been suggested that the liver tumor response occurs secondary to(More)
Calves were inoculated intratracheally with 5 X 10(7), 5 X 10(8), or 5 X 10(9) colony forming units of either 18-hour stationary phase cultures or 4-hour log phase cultures of Pasteurella haemolytica. The log phase culture at all concentrations produced more severe clinical signs, hematological changes and pulmonary lesions at postmortem examination than(More)
To determine whether voluntary exercise would lower resting blood pressure in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SP-SHR), two separate but interrelated investigations were undertaken. The studies were initiated when the animals were 28-35 days of age and after they were assigned to either activity or(More)