Joel Osborne

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To identify the possible cellular sites of opioid gene expression during ontogeny, proenkephalin mRNA and enkephalin peptide expression were examined, respectively, by in situ hybridization and immunocytochemistry in organotypic explants of rat cerebellum and in astrocyte-enriched cultures of murine cerebral hemispheres. High levels of proenkephalin mRNA(More)
The cellular localization of proenkephalin (PE) mRNA expression was systematically examined in midsagittal (vermal) sections of the developing rat cerebellar cortex by in situ hybridization. PE mRNA was initially detected in Golgi cells of postnatal day 7 (PND 7) rats and in each group thereafter. Moreover, PND 7 rats also displayed an intense layer of PE(More)
Recovered human and animal tissues are used extensively in surgery for wound repair and reconstruction. In preparation for the validation of chemical disinfection and radiation sterilization processes, studies were performed on the development and validation of quantitative bioburden recovery methods for human bone and soft tissue and also for porcine(More)
A quantitative method was developed and validated to assess bioburden on tissue from human donors and to compare bioburden determination results to swab culture results from the same donor. An initial study with allograft tissue from 101 donors showed a wide range of bioburden levels; values from no colony-forming units (CFU) detected to >28,000 CFU were(More)
Proenkephalin mRNA and peptide products were examined in developing cells of the postnatal rat cerebellar cortex using in situ hybridization and immunocytochemistry. On day 7, proenkephalin mRNA was first detected as discrete cellular labeling in Golgi cells and as a diffuse hybridization signal over the Purkinje cell layer. On day 14, proenkephalin mRNA(More)
To determine whether cultured astrocytes express opioid gene mRNA, a method was developed for co-localizing a cell-type specific immunocytochemical marker for astrocytes, glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), and proenkephalin mRNA in situ hybridization signal using high affinity cRNA probes. GFAP immunoreactivity and proenkephalin mRNA hybridization(More)
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