Joel M. Rappeport

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Patients who undergo bone marrow transplantation are generally immunosuppressed with a dose of cyclophosphamide (CYA) which is usually calculated based on the patient's weight. At these high doses of CYA, serious cardiotoxicity may occur, but definitive risk factors for the development of such cardiotoxicity have not been described. Since chemotherapeutic(More)
A prospective randomized trial of therapy for severe aplastic anemia was designed to compare early bone marrow transplantation with conventional treatments. All patients with a sibling matched at the major histocompatibility region were transplanted. Transplantation was performed with 17-100 (median 33) days of original diagnosis. Conventional treatments(More)
Despite androgens and intensive supportive care, satisfactory survival in severe aplastic anemia remains at 20% or less. Histocompatible bone marrow transplantation can restore normal hematopoiesis in approximately 40% of similarly severe individuals. Delay of transplantation for 3 wk after diagnosis allows time for proper evaluation and for many(More)
Two patients with the Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome had complete donor lymphoid and hematopoietic engraftment after successful allogeneic bone-marrow transplantation. One patient had had only a temporary donor T-lymphocyte graft after a previous transplantation, for which he had been prepared with cytarabine and cyclophosphamide; the patient's own T lymphocytes(More)
Four patients who received bone marrow transplants were studied sequentially during the posttransplant period to define the pattern of recovering lymphoid cell types. Three patients received T cell-depleted, HLA-matched marrow, and one received untreated marrow from an identical twin. Blood lymphoid cells were labeled with 25 different pairs of monoclonal(More)
After successful bone marrow transplantation, patient hematopoietic and lymphoid cells are replaced by cells derived from the donor marrow. To document and characterize successful engraftment, host and donor cells must be distinguished from each other. We have used DNA sequence polymorphism analysis to determine reliably the host or donor origin of(More)
The capacity of busulfan and total body irradiation to ablate hematopoietic stem cells as preparation for the allogeneic bone marrow transplantation of patients with congenital bone marrow disorders was studied. Fourteen patients received 18 transplants; busulfan was used in the preparatory regimen of eight transplants and total body irradiation in the(More)
Isolated thrombocytopenia after bone marrow transplantation was investigated in 65 fully engrafted patients surviving at least 60 days posttransplant. Twenty-four patients (37%) developed this complication, which occurred most frequently in patients receiving pretransplant preparation with total body irradiation or busulfan. Two distinct thrombocytopenic(More)